Psychology and Psychiatry

Aggressive adolescent behavior

Today, often on the street you can find aggression and hostility. Especially noted is a surge in the spread of aggressiveness among schoolchildren. The hostile actions of minors are often aimed at either a particular child or group in order to show their strength, superiority or permissiveness.

Minors who feel themselves not loved, not accepted by society, increasingly show immoral behavior through a way to recreate their inner world and inner pain. Trying to get rid of or discard the internal negative, adolescents express contradictions through aggressive behavior aimed at humiliating the weak. During the period of limiting domestic needs, stress accumulates inside the growing child. Not being able to cope with internal overstrain, the teenager is discharged with the help of aggressive behavior.

For children who behave hostile, is labeled "difficult teenager." Often, they are isolated from the group, others are little worried about what a child’s personality is experiencing inside, they are predicted to have a negative future. Such a reaction contributes to the development of their aggressiveness and self-will. If the student has no psychological abnormalities, then with his aggressive behavior, you can still cope with the help of the interaction of parents, teachers, a psychologist. It is important not to neglect the minor child.

The reasons

Hostility toward the weaker is an indication of a problem within the nature of the child. Often difficult children grow up in problem families or have suffered from personal humiliation. The object of their revenge is not the abuser (he is much stronger than the minor), but the personality is weaker, more often they are younger children, who are lower in social status and brought up by single-parent families.

The aggressiveness of minors is caused by disturbances in the emotional sphere. When committing violence, a child cannot relate to how physically and emotionally painful it is to someone he mocks.

The makings for the manifestation of empathy are formed at preschool age, the responsibility for this is borne by the parents. This means that the cause of aggressive behavior is the irresponsibility of parents. This is not the only reason for the development of aggressiveness in minors.

Often, the aggressiveness of the child occurs under pressure from the group. The mechanism of pressure in the group may incite the violence of a minor without his desire to show this act. The initiator of violence, demonstrating to the members of the group that he is capable of much, which means he is “cool”, encourages everyone from the environment and convinces that there is strength on their side.

Psychological studies have revealed that in three years the baby is at the peak of its aggressiveness. This is because the crumbs are unrealistically difficult during this period to master the prohibitions, as well as the rules of conduct. From parents it will depend on how inappropriate behavior of the baby they will redirect to a peaceful course. First of all, it depends on the very behavior of the parents, how peaceful and benevolent they are.

Thus, describing the causes of the emergence of aggressive behavior in adolescents, one should take into account family education. Indifference to children's problems, lack of support creates an emotional vacuum in a teenager who develops into an inability to control emotions on his own. During puberty, the child is subject to both emotional and psychological pressure and most needs an understanding of loved ones. Parents who are passionate about work and career, ignoring the needs of a teenager, are buying off various gifts and freedom of action from him.

Adults should develop the child's ability to understand their own feelings, learn to control them. A teenager should see how to express negative manifestations more calmly, without harming others and most importantly to oneself.

The opposite of indifference in raising children is excessive, "blind" parental care. Such parental love neglects the desire of the teenager to make their own decisions.

Making independent decisions by a child contributes to learning from their mistakes. Over time, a minor, surrounded by mega care, becomes unmanageable with an obsessive desire to prove to his parents his independence. This is expressed in aggressive behavior with peers or with animals, much less with them.

Also, the cause of the aggressive behavior of a teenager is the distress of the family itself. If a child has grown up in the midst of aggression since childhood, then it is possible that he will show a tendency towards identical behavior.

Of course, not every minor from a dysfunctional family grows aggressive. However, a negative example given by a parent will have a negative impact on the development of the psyche of the younger child. The aggressiveness of the minor will target peers who have no problems in the family.

At school, the influence of classmates, teachers has a special impact on the development of aggressive behavior of adolescents. Frequent conflicts with teachers, academic load unbalance the precarious psyche of a minor, unrequited love joins all of the above.

Since society has an impact on the formation of behavior, the phenomenon of the emergence of aggressive behavior of a teenager may be a peer group, among which the child communicates. It is noticed that if yesterday the schoolboy was calm, then tomorrow he can “slack off” his peer, thereby proving his “coolness” to be accepted into the group of significant peers.

In society, the issue of aggressive behavior of adolescents is constantly discussed. The appearance of this quality of personality is noted in both sexes. Alcohol, smoking, obscene language, insults and harassment of others today have become the norm. Teenagers do not realize why they are being punished, if everyone does that. It is not rare when a minor from a good school turns into an aggressive person. Often this suggests that he does not pay attention at home. The aggressive behavior of a teenager is a peculiar form of protest, caused by the non-acceptance of him as a person.

Teenagers exhibiting aggression, endowed with low levels of intelligence, to imitate. Such minors lack value orientations, no hobbies, they are characterized by narrowness, as well as instability in hobbies. Such schoolchildren are often embittered, anxious, rude, suffer from egocentrism, as well as an expression of extreme self-esteem (positive or negative). Aggressive behavior of adolescents act as a means to increase self-reliance, as well as their own prestige.


The preventive work of asocial behavior among young people is given sufficient attention in the education system. The problem of aggressiveness among young people is considered the most addressed at meetings at school. In educational institutions, a psychologist and a social teacher are involved in problem schoolchildren.

The aggressive behavior of adolescents is more often noted in the circle of school problems. For this reason, educators should be attentive to schoolchildren, and, having detected changes in children's behavior, you should monitor negative manifestations in order to eradicate aggressiveness at an early stage.

The work of the psychological service is aimed at preventing illegal actions, at preventing the development of adolescent aggression. With all the qualified help of teachers, parents are the main people capable of raising the child properly and not turning it into an aggressive person. Therefore, work to prevent the development of aggressive behavior should be carried out among both schoolchildren and parents. Teamwork will give a good result and will be effective.


Adolescent aggressiveness is eliminated by the following principles of remedial work:

- it is necessary to establish contact with the teenager;

- perceive and respectfully regard him as a person;

- have a positive attitude to his inner world.

Directions for remedial work include:

- Teaching a teenager how to control himself (anger management skills);

- training to reduce the level of anxiety;

- the formation of an understanding of personal emotions, the development of empathy;

- development of positive self-esteem.

When the first signs of aggression appear, we can recommend a teenager to pause, divert his attention, switching to something else, more pleasant. It will be effective to close your eyes, count to ten, or mentally “type water in your mouth” if there is a person in front of him who irritates you with his conversation. Such actions can protect against the manifestation of unnecessary hostility.

It is necessary to teach a teenager to relate to those things in life that cannot be changed - calmly. Of course, you can get angry at them, but there is no point in this.

There is another way: to accept them, to treat them more calmly. An important point is not to allow chronic nervous exhaustion and fatigue, since they are the basis of aggression and irritability.

In the event of the first signs of fatigue, one should make rest and bring moments into life that will delight. It is important to teach a teenager to be attentive to himself, to bring about positive changes in life, to try to be happy, because only such a person can be calm and balanced.