Asthenic is a type of body structure and the mental system of a person, implying rapid exhaustion, a certain pain, as in somatic, there and characterological terms. This type refers to the triad of separation of people, as well as their types of character and methods of response based on their physique. The body type of asthenic is characterized by thinness, elongated limbs and facial features. It is believed that people of asthenic type are rather high, but this feature can be subjective due to the violation of the proportions of the width and length of the body. So the narrowness of the bones and leanness can visually lengthen the silhouette, while the excess weight, on the contrary, makes a person visually less high.
Who is that
It is possible to determine astenik not only by external signs, but also by peculiarities of behavior, including the features of self-regulation and ways of building contact with other people. The first manifestations of the asthenic type are manifested from childhood - these are weak, painful children, who find it difficult to gain not only fat but also muscle weight. With these seeming flaws, asthenics tend to have a large amount of tenderness and sensitivity - they do not accept rough handling, and any use of force can become quite critical, but it is this level of sensitivity that allows them to react subtly to touch, to distinguish temperature and so on.
Physical sensitivity is based on a high degree of development of the nervous system, its mobility and sensitivity. This is what increases the level of emotional vulnerability and inclination to self-analysis. A thin nervous organization causes such people to perceive everything closely and to react sharply, which ultimately can lead to nervous overloads and a gradual departure from social interaction. It is difficult for such people to adapt to a huge variety of temperaments, and therefore they choose a narrow circle of close communication, where they feel protected, with the rest they can behave rather restrained and even cold.
At school age, a high level of development of the sensitivity of the nervous system is manifested by fatigue. This is explained by the fact that asthenics simultaneously read several streams of information, and while other children notice only the words of the teacher, they evaluate the situation in the classroom and beyond, the passage of time, changes in the appearance and mood of others. Due to the lack of an individual adaptive approach in the educational system, the child’s stress increases and eventually manifests itself as irritability and outbursts of aggression. Over time, worrying experiences and various suspicious ideas may join.
The character of asthenics is comparable with schizoid accentuation and melancholic temperament. These people have supersensitivity, but often go into their inner world - to take a break from external load overloads. Despite the high degree of empathy (no one as an astenik can understand and feel the inner state of another), they often show tactlessness or clumsiness in communication. This comes not so much from the desire to offend or lack of upbringing, but because of the fact that a person does not attach importance to permissive smiles and forced standards of decency.
Reluctantly, asthenics are amenable to correction and do not like changes at all, such moments are given to them with great tension. Mood may seem inconstant (from coldness to maximum compassion), but if you look closely, then a pattern of these manifestations will appear (for example, alienation when strangers appear or increased talkativeness among friends). Such people are characterized by an internal conflict, expressed in low self-esteem and insecurity, which are combined with vanity and quick-tempered behavior. The underestimation of self-worth can accumulate for a long time in a person. Undermining the resources of the psyche and eventually pour into a stream of rage towards others for a minor reason.
As for life manifestations, the tendency to enjoy and delve into the process of work is peculiar to asthenics, giving less significance to the results. The need for creativity and the absence of any framework is central, not only in professional activities, but throughout life. Due to rapid exhaustion, asthenics need periodic rest, and attempts to sustain the established schedule can cost companies large losses (due to mistakes or irritability), and to the person’s health.
The speed of mental processes affects the type of response and activity. So asthenics flare up very quickly and in order to catch fire on a new idea or unleash an affective emotional reaction, they need several times less time than all other types. In the case of positive emotions, this can be a plus, as well as an activity, but negative experiences and ideas of revenge capture them with the same speed. But the assessment situation changes dramatically in a couple of moments - they quickly expire and get tired. In minutes, the joy goes away, the enthusiasm disappears and the person sits without making any attempts and emotionally disabled.
With each nervous breakdown, experiences increasingly affect the somatic condition of asthenic, therefore, they become frequent visitors to hospitals. A high probability of developing hypochondriacal symptoms is caused by both physical weakness and mental instability. Timely prevention and independent work with their own characteristics will help to avoid the effects of hospitalism and psychosomatics.
Development and work on self astenika
Many consider the main problem of asthenia exclusively with thinness, although only a doctor can advise on asthenic weight for medical reasons. More significant is the correction of the emotional palette and features of building your own life.
An important point, combining the immediate care of mental and physical condition, is sport. Moreover, astenikam is better to choose active, paired, competitive sports or various styles of struggle. Individual yoga classes with an instructor can help relax and calm the nervous system, but the most important is to learn how to control your aggressive flashes and work with repressed emotions. Fighting, running, athletics - those places where you can safely release the accumulated tension, and therefore protect yourself and your loved ones from accidental outbursts of anger due to the accumulation of tension.
The more tension the astenic can relieve in a safe manner, the more internal resources appear, since the psyche spends more energy on restraint than on the response. All that could not be realized through action should continue to take relaxation. Here alcoholic and narcotic substances are contraindicated because they relax muscles, but they activate the nervous system, causing it to become even more inflated. So after a good load, massage or swimming is recommended.
You can establish social interaction by setting yourself a goal to get acquainted with a couple of new people every day (or at least every Saturday). The main thing here is not collecting ticks, but trying to find a way to communicate in which one feels the maximum comfort and naturalness of the situation and one’s being in it.
The longest will be the process of working on your inner feeling and self-perception - self-esteem, self-criticism, expectations and demands from others, and so on. Such categories can be dealt with within a few months, and in order to make the process more efficient and faster, it is better to take advantage of the counseling help of the therapist. Stabilization of the emotional background is one of the priorities that astenik should work on. The ability to control your emotions and expectations, stop excessive reflection and self-deprecation.
The ability to find sources of energy and fullness will help to deplete not so fast. For some, it will be their own creativity, but for someone the possibility of dosed communication with people. Saving of mental resources and their timely replenishment is an algorithm necessary for every astenik.