Slowness is a reduction in the speed of thought, cognitive and cognitive processes. Also allocate activity sluggishness and delay in decision making. In general, this category can be described as a decrease in the speed of response, relative to the speed of most people.

It is this quality of personality that leads to a general lack of implementation, a feeling of lack of success and a full life only in one’s own thoughts and plans. Slowness in adults has always left them in middle positions, but the slowness of children makes them turn to specialists and look for various organic disorders. Since in many ways the speed of mental processes determines the survival of a person and its implementation in society, sluggishness is regarded as a pathology or symptom that characterizes a negative state.

The signs of slowness include the inability to focus on a single task to be performed, such people constantly need to be distracted by the news of the social tape or watching programs. The following points include breaking a variety of temporary arrangements, whether paying bills or meeting with friends. It can often be noted that a person loses the chances of buying something from a stock, catching a departing bus, and winning a share organized by chance near the house. All this happens because of the need for a long time thinking about what is happening and making decisions.

Reasons for slowness

As manifestations of sluggishness are diverse, so the reasons for such a world perception cannot be identified by one factor. Slowness of thinking may be due to temperament, which directly reflects the strength and dynamics of the nervous system. Temperamentally strong types react faster, but phlegmatic and melancholic people tend to dive into long thoughts or just give out a not so fast reaction.

Motivation affects the temporal indicators of slowness, and does not determine it as a constant quality. So while doing boring and uninteresting work, a person will be constantly distracted and even if there are no interesting activities at hand (free wi-fi or old friend), thoughts will uncontrollably flow into topics that are more emotionally significant.

Another temporary indicator that increases sluggishness is the objective difficulty of work or the person’s subjective fear of not coping. In the case of real complexity, such an activity always requires greater concentration and application of effort, often along with acquaintance with new information, which reduces the rate of productivity. With an easy activity, but the fear of not coping, a person is inclined to recheck his decisions several times, which increases the total work time.

Faced with intractable or global tasks, it is human nature to postpone the start of actions as long as possible, believing that everything will be solved by magic unnoticed. No life experience is able to force a person to immediately start developing an action plan if, when looking at a task, he feels his inconsistency. There will be attempts to shift responsibilities, look for workarounds, some are subject to psychosomatic disorders, and only then, when all the terms are burning, are they decided to decide and naturally do not have time.

A more serious factor shaping characterological slowness is the family and features of upbringing. In authoritarian families, where any activity of the child stops, the personality forms the behavior of stopping its own manifestations. Growing up, such people are afraid to make a step, to express their desires and preferences, on an instinctive level, fearing punishment and parental prohibition, even if it is no longer relevant for a mature personality. In addition to stopping its activities, sluggishness is a form of passive protest against conventions and demands of stronger (all adults in childhood). Having no resources for open confrontation, the only method allowing a child to regulate unpleasant moments for him is to postpone.

The reluctance of something, as in childhood, may well be an adult and not every person has learned to give up unpleasant moments. A girl who dreams of getting married will go on all dates, even with those who are not like her, but will be late. The guy, who is "sick" from his job, will detain all the deadlines for the delivery of the project from time to time. Such things do not happen on purpose, just the subconscious is looking for ways to stop unpleasant moments of life, and if it does not work out directly, it includes sluggishness in order to at least prolong the onset of undesirable moments.

Psychiatric disorders related to the section of pathopsychology, in some cases, manifest through sluggishness. This can include depressive disorders, when a person is very emotionally and physically exhausted and unable to react at the right speed, besides a lack of interest is connected to external events, and so that they provoke some kind of activity, more efforts and incentives are needed. Apathy, mental disorders, and general mental exhaustion are the medical causes of slowness.

Disorders in the work of the central nervous system, provoked by the use of alcohol, drugs, organic brain lesions also form a slow pace of thinking. This part is adjusted exclusively at the early stages, after which the violations are fixed and become irreversible. And the last reason for slowing down the thinking is due to the physiological processes of aging of the body, when not only cognitive functions, but absolutely all body systems begin to work at a reduced pace. This option is to learn how to take for granted, since all that can be done is to slow down the decline in the usual indicators, but not completely stop the process.

How to deal with slowness

Irritation of slowness, not only in the context of the behavior of others, the person himself, who does not have time and misses life, this situation is also not very happy. But the presence of such a feature is irrecoverable only in some cases, in most of the options it is possible to deal with delayed thinking and reactions with the help of psychological techniques independently or with the support of a therapist.

We should start with the simplest planning of our time for the nearest and long-term prospects. Excellent help will be time management techniques, the ability to highlight the most important and create a motivation. Always in the first place in the plans should be the most important things that are significant in the context of a long time. The schedule should be structured, otherwise, instead of saving time and resources, you can get the opposite result, when the nails are painted, the dust is wiped, all friends are met, but the candidate’s one, whose protection a week later remains in the “raw” version. The dates of each activity must also be spelled out - the schedule cannot be floating, otherwise the tendency to postpone, by virtue of habit, will take its own.

Remembering that slowness is caused by unwillingness to perform activities and negative emotions from the possible occurrence of the need to create your own motivation. You can search for positive moments, introduce an element of the game, competition, personal gain, think about the consequences of what has been done or even just promise yourself a reward (going to the movies, a day of laziness, meeting friends, etc.). In addition to finding motivation, it is necessary to combat indecision in the implementation of the first steps. The longer the smallest details are weighed, the harder the decision is made, the more time is spent, although in practice everything will be completely different, how many do not calculate the risks. It is necessary to leave a certain amount of uncertainty and be able to take action, despite the lack of guarantees.

You can organize competitions with yourself or involve other people in it - it is important to increase the speed of doing things every time. The rivalry forces you to postpone all the buzzing gadgets, do not pick up the phone for unnecessary calls and do not consider new styles for passersby. The maximum concentration inherent in athletes is largely due to the moments of the competition. Even if there is no one to compete with, and it is impossible to exceed the speed of execution for technical reasons, it is necessary to take on the job at the point where it appeared. Even if the project seems to be large, and its own skills are insufficient, it is necessary to immediately deal with the difficulties in the process, breaking one problem into several step-by-step ones.

In cases where slowness is provoked by psychopathological states and organic lesions there is no need to apply psychological techniques, it is first necessary to eliminate the physiological cause, if possible. To do this, you need to get advice from several specialists and only after completing the course of general therapy, seek the advice of a psychologist.

The help of psychotherapeutic specialists will be relevant in cases where the slowed tempo of thinking is due to childhood psychotrauma or an initially unfavorable education system. With individuals whose harmonious development has been disrupted by the social environment without the possibility of recovery, it is sometimes necessary to work more than one year, overcoming established patterns of behavior.