Selectivity is the acquired or developed ability of an individual for directed perception. This quality implies control of one’s own thinking, attention, perception and consciousness as a whole, due to which the psyche is able to select a certain object or event from a number of external changes taking place.

The selectivity is a property of perception, allowing to highlight the most important, and the secondary moments to leave on the periphery in a blurred background. This is an important quality of personality for maintaining mental balance and overall success of the activity, since the mind is rather quickly depleted when it processes a lot of material at the same time, it becomes necessary to concentrate on the main thing and remove it from less vital details. It is the selectivity that allows a person to make choices regarding their location and group of people for communication, food consumed and the direction of their life path - the categories are completely different in nature and scale of influence on the further course of events, but all of them are carried out using choice.

What it is

Personality quality selectivity appeared in the course of evolution and initially concerned the basic vital moments - the person chose what to eat, not to get poisoned, where to sleep, not to be in danger, where to move, to improve his life. These physiological data still remain as an example of selective behavior, however, rational mind control over what is happening has also been added to this. So selectivity in terms of nutrition is reduced now not only to the instinctive choice of food without poisons, but also to control the number of calories in it or the method of preparation and its harmfulness.

Selectivity concerns the choice of place of work and residence, as well as a model for building relationships with others. A person cannot physically be present everywhere and give equal attention to all external stimuli, that is why there is a need to choose the direction of his attention and the main vector of energy. Only in this way can you get any tangible results, and not to rush between the brightest stimuli.

The spontaneous construction of one’s activity and the making of elections on the basis of the first internal motives is a sign of the lack of selectivity. Such behavior can lead to rather pitiable consequences, despite the fact that in the process of following the events quite bright feelings are often experienced, often characterized as a feeling of fullness of life and maximum emotions. However, giving in to an impulse, a person is able to suffer a material collapse, to miss serious and trusting relationships, to waste his life energy for nothing.

It is this quality that helps to go to your goals in the shortest way, it is the basis for planning your future, where things that require special attention are laid in advance.

Selectivity paints our days for the sake of priorities, automatically leaving without energy areas that suck energy or interfere with implementation. But it helps not only to go towards something in the future, but also maintains existing life choices. So a person who quit drinking will not arrange his party at the bar, the girl who decides to save her virginity will not settle in the den, and the person with arachnophobia will not work in the museum of entomology. All this speaks of our choices in order to maintain the picture of the world that is most pleasant and inspiring to us, but if such choices are violated, a complete bias of life values ​​and the loss of its inner uniqueness is possible.

Selectivity is always a little more complicated in its mechanism than a simple decision making based on desires or necessity. This quality allows us to calculate the possible consequences of choosing a few steps forward, so that desires and necessity can be interchanged. Thus, not the most pleasant activity is selected, which can lead to the realization of a more ambitious desire than the enjoyment of the present. Likewise, the choice can be made in favor of the current moment, when the assessment of internal resources will show almost complete exhaustion and the need for immediate replenishment until a depressive disorder has developed. That is, selectivity helps to choose the good in the long run and the integrity of the body and mind.

This concept is closely connected with freedom and manifestation of internal responsibility, since it represents the moment of choice. Any turn on the path of life implies certain consequences following this, and then the person’s readiness to accept these changes, to be responsible for his actions and choices, comes to the fore. Freedom is in the nature of an inner meaning, because even understanding how to act, does not always lead to action. Internal paralysis, a focus on the opinions of others, takes away from a person his personal free manifestations of his choices, leaving selectivity solely on theoretical quality.

Due to the quality of selectivity, it is possible to judge the taste of a person in relation to any moments - from food to art objects, preferences of communication or pastime. This is a peculiar marker of personal development and its needs, a reflection of the possibilities and internal readiness of these opportunities to be realized. Every time people interact, selectivity allows us to assess how close a person is and is in the same circle without asking any questions. In an effective election space, a person demonstrates to the maximum what he is focused on - on developing or maintaining stability, on luxury and self-indulgence or asceticism for the sake of knowledge.

Selectivity in a relationship

Selectivity in people is a key point in building prosperous and happy relationships at any level. Regarding intimate relationships, selectivity presupposes the preference of one particular person to the rest of his gender. In many ways, this kind of selectivity is due to the biological laws of adjustment of the choice of a partner for further reproduction of the offspring. Accordingly, the role of somatic reactions and subconscious choices in this context is much greater than when choosing a job or place of residence. The mind can control certain manifestations, the strategy of courtship or ignoring, but biology is always the first impulse to pay attention.

The categories influencing selectivity in the relationship include specific and individual. The first implies the traditions established in each representative of a particular ethnic group or group of people. There may be certain external parameters and behavioral patterns that are considered favorable. A greater variety of options provides an individual level of choice, including the features of the characterological manifestations of the partner, his external data, age and social characteristics.

Previously, selectivity in relations on social status was more categorical than in the modern world, however there are rules that cannot be circumvented. No one will now prohibit marriage between workers and the intelligentsia, but the crack will soon appear itself when people encounter a difference in their life philosophies and preferences, cultural base and education.

The complexity of the selectivity of relations lies in the frequent contradiction between biological and social factors, between what the body wants and what the mind understands. These may be options when a bright passion flares up between people, but they have nothing to talk about, their countries howl and all their friends, and they, having thought it over logically, will condemn this connection. It is also not uncommon when everything converges at the level of reason - both age and career success, people from the same society, have many common topics, but are completely nasty to each other in terms of physical perception.

But there is a relationship, in addition to intimate, where the moment of selectivity is also extremely important. It means not only who is considered a friend and how many such people can be, but also regulation of the degree of closeness, interaction format, level of trust. Relationships are built in all spheres of human existence, and it’s impossible to remain friends with everyone not only because of personal enmity, but also from the perspective of competition or learn the difficulties of other people’s interactions.

Those who are able to clearly filter their social circle can build a favorable emotional background, to enlist support and reliability. People who do not know how to keep a distance, let everyone who is knocking into their home or psychological space end up in a bad state of mind, and often also accused of problems. Excessive naivety and a small number of friends significantly reduce selectivity in relationships, as the number of friends increases, the question of choice automatically arises.

The world is huge and it is impossible to devote the same time to everything and everyone who is present in it, and this is not required, because many characters and events simply do not deserve attention and, at best, simply do not affect life. It makes sense to make a choice and go to those and where the pleasure and the development of the self are, leaving everything else without guilt. This may seem a betrayal in some moments, especially if one tries to manipulate the opinion of a person, but in this case, betrayal occurs even in the store, when, instead of apples, you take pears.