Psychology and Psychiatry

Persona non grata

Persona non grata is a term used in diplomacy to refer to a person whose stay in the country is prohibited or undesirable. Such an attitude is usually imposed on foreigners, while the authorities reserve the right not to report the reasons for the undesirability of crossing the border. At the moment, the term persona non grata is used in relation to foreign diplomats and has such a high legal weight that it can even apply to those persons who are protected by diplomatic immunity.

There is also the opposite meaning, denoting the desirability of this guest, the person who is credible is persona grata. The use of this term is reduced to a minimum, since it does not require additional actions and restrictions, but can only be an additional act of recognition of a person.

What does it mean

The term persona non grata is important in both political and everyday life. A literal translation refers to a person who is not willing to see in his apartment, personal life or country. More recently, the concept has been used exclusively in narrow diplomatic circles; now it is increasingly being used to denote the personal space of each person. In the everyday sense, a persona non grata can be called a person who does not cause a sufficient level of trust.

If in the context of diplomacy a persona non grata is denied entry into the country or participation in certain political processes and societies, then in social terms, everything is a bit simpler and not legally regulated. So it may silent boycott or ignoring a person in the workplace for his previous denunciations. Examples of such a relationship are the social exclusion of a person from his closest group — silencing when he appears in the audience, the absence of an invitation to general events, and other ignoring options. Such actions usually arise as a result of a person’s inconsistency with the unspoken rules of an established team or for direct violation of established prohibitions.

At the state level, declaring someone persona non grata allows you to protect your integrity, as well as to resist inappropriate activities (espionage, sabotage, etc.). In the context of personal relations at the social level, declaring a person an undesirable guest helps to avoid violations of one’s own physical and psychological boundaries (theft, lies, gossip, mistreatment, etc.).

In order to impose such a ban on a person on the part of the country and the government, there is only a number of testimonies or suspicions of the possibility of committing a crime against the country. The state may not explain its decision and the validity of such measures to a person, as well as remove suspicion and undesirability status by its own decision. Violations of this decision are punishable by the relevant laws and can lead to deterioration of relations between countries.

In personal relationships, the prohibition or undesirability of presence is negotiated on a personal level. A person can be notified in direct form or be exposed to ignore. At the same time, the violation of the established rules does not have any adjustment by the authorities until the moment of unlawful actions.

The emergence of the term

The right to protection from insults of unlawful behavior or inadmissible actions against the state has been recognized throughout the history of mankind. Over time, the need has arisen to legally enshrine this decision and to place at the global level an order to introduce the inadmissibility of certain persons on the territory of certain countries. The first few attempts to establish regulation of the presence of a person in the country were defeated mainly because it was unprofitable for some countries to lose free access to classified information or other means of influence.

The term persona non grata was introduced at the Vienna Convention (ninth article) in the sixties of the last century. This provision implies the right of any country to declare any employee of the diplomatic sector an undesirable guest both before his appearance in the country and during the time. The country may not provide an explanation of the motivation and reasons, and the person is obliged to leave the country within the period prescribed by law. If a person who has been awarded the title of persona non grata violates the rules of the country and does not leave her, he may be deprived of all diplomatic privileges, protections and positions.

Direct insight is taken from the Latin language, deciphered as an unpleasant person or an undesirable person. Used when a person is suspected of espionage or as an act of expressing dissatisfaction with a person’s behavior on the territory of the host country. The important point is that the structure of the convention puts the security of the state first, therefore, the effect of any immunities is secondary to this order.

Over time, the concept of persona non grata spread beyond the diplomatic sphere, it became increasingly frequent in the news, discussed not behind closed doors, but in public meetings. Thus, the highly specialized concept began to reflect the undesirability of having a person not only at the state level, but also at the household level. Initially, this word was used by those who for a long time had a service connected with politics, and then more and more spread among people of various professions.

Persona non grata - examples

The understanding of the persona non grata is more accessible on various examples than on definitions [, especially concerning the legal and political side. This may include the case of the handing of the demand to leave the country to Bernadino de Mendoza, after his involvement in the conspiracy against the current government became known. In the same way, a person can receive an order to leave the country without even having committed anything illegal, but in any way having compromised himself. Such bans are issued not only within a country that does not want to receive a foreigner with a subsequent departure, but also to people outside it, if any details about their activities contrary to the security of the state have been clarified.

In the national version, where the violation of prohibitions is not prosecuted by law, the designation of a person as a persona non grata may be synonymous with a traitor, a scammer or an industrial spy. So a person who constantly exposes his colleagues and divulges their secrets or shortcomings at work is declared undesirable in a team. He cannot be excluded physically, as it happens at the state level, however such a person falls into a complete social blockade. If denunciations and betrayals relate to the working sphere, then a person can stop helping as soon as he becomes aware of his tendency to violate the unspoken rules of bailing one another.

In a competing company, rules may be introduced to prohibit production visits for employees of other, similar companies. A more loyal option looks like a throughput system exclusively for passport holders. It is rather the principle of the person grata, i.e. a person desired in this institution, which is indicated by special actions that give him prerogatives in front of everyone else.