The treatment is focused on the proper upbringing, as well as the management of the actions of the sick. Doctors prescribe nootropic drugs, antipsychotics, tranquilizers; recommended classes in the system with a speech therapist, a neuropsychiatrist, shown training at home.
Regular school environments cannot be tolerated by such patients. Children may have speech defects (stuttering, lisping, tongue-tied), which requires correction. Imbeciles can be taught to count, read, write, but complex arithmetic operations are beyond their power.
The asocial environment has a bad effect on imbeciles, for which reason patients pose a threat to society. With the development of pathological uncontrollable situations, patients are hospitalized in a psychiatric hospital.
Treatment of imbecility is conditionally divided into specific (causal) and symptomatic. Specific therapy is carried out with phenylketonuria, as well as other enzymopathies. Hypothyroidism is treated with compensating hormone therapy (thyroidin); congenital syphilis, toxoplasmosis is treated with antibiotics, drugs Arsenic, Chloridin; brain infections in children are treated with antibiotics, sulfa drugs.
The effectiveness of treatment is the more successful, the earlier it is started. Great is the value of remedial treatment and educational activities.
The forecast directly depends on the depth of mental retardation. Primary prophylaxis includes medical genetic counseling. Such counseling is carried out on the territory of medical and genetic institutions.
Symptomatic therapy uses drugs that stimulate brain metabolism, these include (Cerebrolysin, Nootropil, Aminalon); B vitamins; psychostimulants (Phenamine, Sidnocarb); dehydrating agents (Lasix, Magnesium Sulphate, Diacarb); drugs absorbing effect (iodide Kalia, Biyohinol); biogenic stimulants. Convulsive syndrome is eliminated by the systematic administration of antiepileptic drugs.