Clouding of consciousness is one of the forms of disturbance of consciousness that lasts minutes, hours, days, sometimes weeks. This state, like mental disorder, is manifested in the inability to think clearly, and also can vary between the state when a person confuses places, people, events, the time until the loss of contact with reality itself. This can manifest with any person regardless of age.

Clouding of consciousness manifests itself in a change in mental activity and has many causes.

Clouding of reason

This condition can occur with head injuries, inadequate supply of oxygen to the brain or blood, which often occurs upon impact.

Clouding of consciousness and its causes: progressive brain degeneration (Alzheimer's disease), low or very high blood sugar levels, severe mental and emotional distress, dehydration of the body, high temperature up to 40˚C, brain infections (meningitis), urinary tract infections , the use of a significant amount of alcohol and exceeding the permissible limit doses of sedative drugs.

Clouding symptoms

The symptoms of this condition include the following: non-perception of other people, agitation, disorientation, hallucinations, personality changes, as well as moods; sudden subdepressive mood, odd behavior or irritability, decreased activity, loss of interest in habitual activities, long-term memory lapses, lack of personal hygiene, difficulty concentrating on a simple task, difficulty during the process of thinking and pronouncing speech, unpredictable behavior.

This state is characterized by a combination of such signs: detachment from reality, the inability to perceive the world adequately, complete or partial disorientation in a place, in time, and in surrounding people; mild degree of incoherent thinking; complete or partial impossibility of correct judgments; partial or complete forgetting during the period of this state.

Syndromes of stupefaction

The main syndromes of stupefaction include: delirium, oneiroid, amentia, stunning, and twilight stupefaction. The treatment of these conditions involved a psychiatrist.

Delirium is an acute psychosis, which is accompanied by marked arousal, as well as a violation of orientation on the spot, in time, or by colorful illusions and hallucinations. At the same time, the patient’s self-assessment is preserved.

Amentia is a syndrome of stupefaction, which is characterized by fragmentary perception of the surrounding world. Amentia is marked by a deep degree of confusion and is characterized by a loss of orientation in the surrounding, as well as in one’s own “I.” In this state, the patient is completely inaccessible to contact and his thinking is incoherent. The patient has fragmentary perception disorders (hallucinations or illusions). The mood in patients is unstable, there is a tearfulness or unmotivated gaiety. This condition can last weeks or months with small intervals.

Twilight stupefaction is a condition in which patients perceive only certain fragments of reality, and the response goes in unexpected ways. Patients show evil and aggression. During this period, contact with such people is significantly hampered. The presence of hallucinations in this period can only be guessed by the very behavior of the patient. People perform separate automatic actions: they dress, undress, eat, smoke, call, dance. After returning to his usual state, a person usually forgets about his actions.

Twilight stupefaction, as a special species, begins acutely and also suddenly stops. Such a person is a social danger because of possible frightening hallucinations and delusions. The feature of the twilight stupefaction of consciousness is their erase, short duration, rapid transition from one state to another, as well as the presence of mixed states.

The oneiroid or dreamy stupefaction is characterized by duality: on the one hand, bright hallucinatory images are noted, and on the other hand, fragmentary perception of reality is noted. Patients seem to see themselves from the side (waking dream). Visions appear from previously experienced life events, films, books read. The neurotic clouding of consciousness can be marked by a dual orientation: the sick understand that they are in the hospital, but also consider themselves to be participants in fantastic events.

Stunning is a syndrome in which consciousness is turned off and the patient has a weakening of the perception of external stimuli. Late patients react to the surrounding situation, questions. They are indifferent, sluggish to everything that is happening, slightly slowed down. Increasing the severity of the disease stunning can go into a stupor (torpor) or coma. The state of coma is characterized by the loss of all types of orientation, as well as responses to all external stimuli. After leaving the coma, patients do not remember what happened to them. The deactivation of consciousness is noted in liver, renal failure, diabetes, and other diseases.

Dizziness treatment

If you suspect stupefaction, you must take the patient to the hospital, and you cannot leave a person alone. Transporting a patient with an upset consciousness causes difficulty due to the onset of arousal states of an aggressive plan. Therefore, the accompanying should be at least three people. When transporting, medical workers, if necessary, inject intramuscularly stimulating preparations that support the cardiovascular system. Hospital treatment is directed to a somatic illness, as the mental state worsens because of it. When the patient is in acute psychosis, he is placed in a separate room.

The confusion struck suddenly and you do not know how to react? For a start, take it easy. If this happened to your friend, then immediately call a doctor. First of all, you should be alerted by complaints about head injury, dizziness, numbness, weakness, tinnitus, speech disorder, blurred vision. Such manifestations may be signs of a stroke.

Emaciation of moderate severity and first aid includes a soothing conversation with a person. The patient must be put and talk with him about the real reality (what day it is, who he is, where he is). It is not recommended to give sedatives, as this can be harmful.

Clouding of the child occurs at high temperatures. If this happened to the child, then lay him on the bed, making a side fence so that he does not fall. Stay close all the time. Do not disturb him. At high temperatures, give a drug containing Paracetamol, but not Aspirin. For further treatment, consult your doctor.