Anhedonia is a condition characterized by a complete lack of pleasure or partial loss of experiencing and enjoying life as well as everything that happens. At the same time, a person loses activity, motivation for activities that previously usually brought pleasure. This activity includes sports, music, hobbies, sexual activity and various social interactions.

Anhedonia refers to an abnormal state of mind. The term was first introduced by T. Ribot in 1886 to describe liver diseases. In the future, it began to be used by Kraepelin and Bleuler in describing the emotional defect of schizophrenia. A similar term "social agnosia", manifested in the inability of the psychopathic personality to experience the joy and pleasure of life, introduced Wilhelm Reich into psychoanalysis.

Other researchers believe that anhedonia is not a sign of schizophrenia, but a consequence of mental disorders and a low socioeconomic as well as educational level. However, it is noticed that anhedonia is also observed in somatic disorders. The lack of pleasure is attributed by researchers to a part of various syndromes - dementia, PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder). And anhedonia is not considered a disorder, but only a symptom of a disorder.

Anhedonia is pronounced in narcissuses and in borderline personalities. Individuals of the first category need to receive feelings of love on the rise. Yesterday’s level of love is not enough for them, and after parting with his own watering, the sick person can become depressed. People with borderline disorders also quickly cease to feel loved and accepted, and this is a start to changes in relationships. They are not enough that they have, and they arrange a provocation partner in order to feel loved. At some point an explosion occurs when the patients do not feel anything. It happens that a person often gets into the habit of destroying the feeling of pleasure on his own. After feeling pleasant, he is alarmed, gives in to doubts about the right to feel and asks the question: what was it?

Anhedonia causes

The cause of the disease is mental disorders: schizophrenia, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety disorder, depersonalization and other personality disorders. The reason is the tendency to burden yourself with problems not only with your own, but also with other people's concerns. Persons suffering from anhedonia solve most life issues on their own and often blame themselves for all the failures. They strive to do everything as best as possible and if this does not work, the feeling of dissatisfaction instills pessimism in them, and also reduces the emotional background. Often suffer honest, conscientious, responsible people.

The reason for all is that the pleasure center is turned off in the brain, which leads to an inability to experience pleasant sensations and joy. With a lack of hormones of joy - endorphins, a person seeks to fill them with emotional doping (alcohol and drugs), although this can be done in another way.

Anhedonia symptoms

Anhedonia sneaks up unnoticed. Initially boring favorite affairs, and then completely cease to please. Then it turns out that life is not happy in all its manifestations: gifts, shopping, meeting with friends do not give the effect that was before. Often joins orgasmic anhedonia - the lack of pleasure from sex.

Often, paranoia and anhedonia are interrelated. This is observed when a person is in heightened tension for a long time, and then there is a breakdown and the world becomes gray, joyless, insignificant after the experienced stress. It happens that a small separate category of people because of pessimism is not able to enjoy life. For people prone to this state, the main feature is peculiar - the inability to enjoy life. Most people suffer from innate pessimism. By mistake, experts diagnose depression in those who are ill, trying to treat it with antidepressants, which only aggravate the situation and worsen health.

The feeling of life, determined by emotions, directly depends on the state of being in harmony with oneself, as well as the people around us. Many people suffering from this disorder are not able to experience joyful emotions.

Social anhedonia is manifested as a sign of disinterest in social contacts and is marked by social isolation, as well as a decrease in pleasure from social situations. This characteristic usually extends to indifference to other people.

Social anhedonia often develops against the background of social phobia. Usually a social phobia has social contacts. Among these contacts there are people who relate to him very well and are friendly towards him. In this case, anxiety in the process of communication arises in narrow situations (speaking to audiences). But the angedonic ignores what he has and is not happy with what he has. He believes that his friends, his wife do not communicate with him at all, he is not touched by love and attention. He is always looking for new people for relationships, but again this does not bring pleasure.

Anhedonia treatment

The disease is quite difficult to treat, with the main therapeutic methods aimed at replenishing the body's serotonin and endorphin - the hormone of joy.

Treatment includes the obligatory condition to seek and receive joy from everything, including minor events, meetings and impressions. From early morning fix your attention on the sun glare, on the awakening of nature. Effective in the treatment of anhedonia can make a walk through the park, in places of childhood filled with joyful memories.

Treatment for anhedonia includes: controlling the night's sleep - at least 8 hours, good nutrition, including fruit and chocolate, watching fun TV shows, shopping, active dancing and sports. In the absence of effect, resort to the help of specialists who will offer you psychotherapeutic methods for treatment. It is not recommended to prescribe yourself the treatment in the form of tablets from anhedonia.