Hypochondria is a disorder expressed in concern and increased fixation of attention to one’s physical health. Long since the state of man, which was manifested in the anxiety of the alleged possibility of falling ill, the ancient Greeks called hypochondria. In the usual sense, this word means despondency, as well as a melancholy attitude to life. How to get rid of this disease still worries many.

Medicine The term hypochondria refers to diagnoses. It is put to those patients who do not let go of obsessive ideas about the presence of an incurable serious illness. This term refers to a personality trait or symptom of mental disorders. Pure hypochondria is characterized by the perception of personal feelings as unpleasant and abnormal. In this case, the hypochondriac mistakenly "knows" what kind of disease he has, but his degree of conviction often changes constantly due to the suspiciousness inherent in this condition.

According to the ICD-10, modern psychiatry and psychology consider hypochondria to be a mental disorder, which is classified as somatoform. This means that it is reversible and psychosomatic. Hypochondriacal concerns are often related to the heart, genitals, gastrointestinal tract and brain. Under the influence of mental processes malfunctions of the body occur. Persons with anxiety, depression, suspiciousness are prone to the development of hypochondria.

Hypochondria causes

Due to the fact that the disorder acts in a variety of its manifestations and does not represent a separate mental illness, the exact cause of hypochondria has not yet been identified. Psychotherapists relate hypochondriacal thoughts to signs of such processes as the distorted perception by the cerebral cortex of impulses coming from internal organs.

Hypochondria and its causes are disturbances in the work of the cerebral cortex, manifestations of delusional disorders, changes in the work of the vegetative-vascular system, which is responsible for the autonomous work of the organs.

Hypochondriacs vividly and emotionally describe all their signs of diseases (severe liver and kidney diseases, oncology, infections), but in fact they are not detected.

Often, hypochondria is inherent in emotional personalities that are easily suggestible and also influenced by the media (media).

Hypochondriacs are often elderly people or mentally unstable adolescents who are easily susceptible to negative and unnecessary information. All doctors of hospitals and clinics know ipohondriac personalities; they have been taking part in various examinations for years. This disorder affects both men and women equally. Students of medical schools are subject to this condition separately. As soon as the training ends, the signs of hypochondria from textbooks recede.

Hypochondriac personalities are very well read, follow medical news and medical programs, visit all medical sites. Most of the patients' complaints are overstated and overly numerous, the manifestations of the disorder themselves cannot be controlled. This is different hypochondria from the usual anxiety and suspiciousness for their health.

Some researchers explain the causes of the clinical picture of hypochondria with feelings of irritation, anger, depressive feelings, a desire for dependence and low self-esteem. Others believe that such people are characterized by increased pain sensitivity, which provokes an erroneous interpretation of painful sensations. Sometimes the behavior of the patient is considered as a way to get social support.

This condition can occur in a sick person from childhood or after suffering a serious operation, that is, when the patient was on the verge of death and life. Not the last role is assigned to the influence of parental education. This happens when parents pay great attention to the well-being of the child. After such an attitude, the child also begins to treat himself carefully, however, more pathologically. Not the last role is played by strong stresses, depressions, phobias.

Hypochondria are often prone to people with psychosis, neurosis, delusions, problems in intimate life and communication. And the factors that develop hypochondria are the general availability of medical information, sensational transmissions about new diseases, and obsessive advertising of medicines.

Hypochondria symptoms

Hidden hypochondriac during life can manifest itself in any person. Everyone in life has malfunctions in the body due to health. However, painful mania seizes on true hypochondriacs. Confidence in the presence of a serious illness is accompanied by anxiety as well as fear. All attempts to dissuade a person are in vain and do not give results for the removal of anxiety and fear. Excessive concern is accompanied by a parallel heartbeat, sweating, checking every minute breathing, and any deviation confirms the disease. Medical data from diagnostic tests in the form of negative results also cannot dissuade the patient. The patient, if he recognizes the absence of the disease, but does not cease to go to the doctors.

There are 3 conditional forms of the disease: obsessive, delusional, overvalued.

Obsessive form of hypochondria symptoms: a tendency to anxiety and suspiciousness, fears for health, constant analysis of all processes in the body (control over their sensations: prick, sick, like going to the toilet). With increasing symptoms, inventing a terrible diagnosis. In the absence of symptoms, the patient listens to himself, starts panicking and assumes that this means an even worse option. An attack of hypochondria in a patient with an obsessive form occurs immediately after viewing medical advertisements, as well as after the ambiguous phrase of the doctor.

Overpriced form of hypochondria symptoms: there are common characteristic mental and behavioral responses characterized by emotional responses to manifestations of a physical defect or discomfort. Even minor violations in health (runny nose), is regarded as very difficult. The hypochondriac makes incredible efforts to make his health perfect. For this, he uses various diets, takes medications, is tempered, consumes dietary supplements, vitamins. Patients believe that their treatment is incorrect or they do not want to be treated at all, and for this reason they argue with the doctors. In the future, this type of hypochondria may be a signal of approaching schizophrenia or psychopathy.

Crazy form of hypochondria symptoms: confidence in the presence of incurable diseases, attempts to dissuade the patient are not perceived and interpreted as follows: on me, doctors have long put an end to me. The delusional form needs urgent treatment, because there are attempts at suicide, delirium, depression and hallucinations are encountered. This is the hardest type of hypochondria.

Hypochondria Diagnosis

Initially, you should exclude real health problems. To do this, a standard set of studies is carried out: all possible blood and urine tests, feces, and ultrasound of the internal organs, and based on complaints from additional research. Having excluded all health problems, it is recommended to contact a psychiatrist or psychotherapist. However, not hypochondriacs seek help, but their friends and relatives.

Hypochondria treatment

The disease occurs gradually, therefore, in a short period of time does not disappear. Only psychotherapists and psychiatrists deal with hypochondriacs. The treatment of hypochondria itself depends on its type. The treatment shows the correction of disorders in the brain, as well as the establishment of true, physiological connections between the autonomic department and the cerebral cortex.

How to treat hypochondria? The approach to hypochondriac personalities in treatment is complicated by the fact that all their sufferings by “physiological diseases”, they try their best to reinforce, intensify. Therefore, the basis of treatment includes the work of a psychotherapist in combination with the help of friends and family.

What will speed recovery? First of all, you should accept this state, realize that you are a hypochondriac. Treat yourself with respect, even for this reason having fears. It is important when the first symptoms occur to learn how to switch to your hobby, positive image, self-suggestion formulas. Anxious thoughts eliminate the method of stopping thoughts. The most effective switches are external, because the hypochondriac is an observant person, so it is worth shifting the emphasis to the outside world, being distracted by nature, other people, animals. If you're scared - go on your own. The only way you destroy it. Remove the restrictions that have been built up over the years in your mind. You can not cope yourself - contact a psychologist or psychotherapist.

If hypochondria is marked in conjunction with neurotic disorders, then antipsychotics and tranquilizers are connected to the therapy to relieve the manifestations of neurosis.

Depressive hypochondria is treated with antidepressants (Trazodone 150-300 mg / day, Amitriptyline 150-300 mg / day, Sertralin 50-100 mg / day), as well as anxiolytic drugs (tranquilizers) - Diazepam 5-15 mg / day.

Obsessive states are treated with antidepressants (Fluoxetine 20-80 mg / day or Clomipramine 50-100 mg / day).

An attack of hypochondria and schizophrenia is treated with powerful neuroleptics, inpatient treatment is often offered, and the whole process is taken under control by a psychiatrist. The use of traditional medicine has an effect as a "placebo".

The fight against hypochondria includes refusing to view ads, as well as programs about medicine and visiting medical sites.