In rare cases, psychosomatic symptoms appear in the latter stages of the disease. This is primarily a hallucination in any of their manifestations: sound, delusional or visual. The patient is inherent in delusions of grandeur with manifestations of manic symptoms. He sees himself as the head of state, in the guise of a very influential person.
Bipolar disorder of the human psyche in the stage of depression is expressed in the denial of the good around, everything is seen in a distorted form, there is a feeling of being useless for others, a burden for them. The patient is confident in their economic insecurity, especially if money problems currently exist. With these symptoms, an erroneous diagnosis of a severe mental illness, schizophrenia, is sometimes made.
Bipolar mental disorder is often not associated with illness. Alcohol abuse, drug addiction, failure to work or problems in your personal life are the causes of the disease.
Bipolar personality disorder
Bipolar personality disorder manifests itself with frequent changes in manic, depressive, and mixed states, sometimes one state flows into another. Bipolar personality disorder is often called a hereditary disease. The age of patients ranges from 18 to 30 years. The descendants of these people also have a tendency to this disease.
Bipolar personality disorder is divided into several types. The first type includes people who have had at least one manic episode of the disease in their lives. To the second - people with depressive episode of the disease. Most often there is depression, in which a person can be a large part of his life.
During the disease there are mixed episodes that occur at different stages of the disease. The most noticeable are the periods when a patient has symptoms of bipolar disorder 4 or more times a year.
Treatment of bipolar disorder
The most important thing in the treatment of bipolar disorder is to choose the right scheme and clearly adhere to it. Thus, mood changes and associated symptoms of the disease stabilize.
Treatment of bipolar disorder must necessarily take place in the complex: drug and psychological, which is the best option to control the course of the disease.
Treatment of bipolar disorder should proceed without interruption prescribed by the doctor of the course. If, during the course of treatment, a change of mood occurs again, you need to contact your doctor to change the prescribed drugs and treatment plan. The more thoroughly and frankly we discuss the problems that arise with a psychiatrist, the more effective the cure process will be.
If the disease is not running, then you can contact the therapist. But it is best to be under the control of a psychiatrist, preferably a graduate with a great practice of treatment in this area.
First of all, the psychiatrist prescribes a medicine like Lithium. This drug stabilizes mood. Lithium is an effective remedy for bipolar affective disorder, prevents the development of symptoms of manic and depressive disorders.
Together with the main drugs prescribed additional, such as Valproate, carbamazepine, which are anticonvulsants. Another drug prescribed for the treatment of bipolar disorder is aripiprazole. Available in tablets, in liquid form or in the form of injections. For problems with insomnia, drugs such as clonazepam and lorazepam are prescribed, but they are prescribed at the first stage of the disease so as not to cause addiction.
In combination with medical treatment, psychotherapy is recommended. It is very important that the relatives and friends of the patient with bipolar disorder understand the seriousness of the disease and help him quickly adapt to a normal life.