Empathy is a conscious empathy for another person in his emotional state. Therefore, empath is a person who has developed a capacity for empathy. The development of empathy occupies a significant place in the development of emotional intelligence. It helps to know the emotional state of a person, while focusing on gestures and facial expressions.

With empathy empathy makes it possible to understand the emotions of the interlocutor. It is desirable for her to own those people who use communication in their work. For example, these are educators, psychologists, educators, managers, doctors. Scientists note that the stage of development of emotional empathy ends in childhood. For conscious empathy destructive fear.

Empaths do not feel comfortable in a conflict situation, they do not tend to rivalry, as well as to defend their interests, more often they step aside. Empaths cannot easily get rid of fear, because they are very patient and are looking for their own ways of correcting this condition. In the absence of the ability to cope with fear, he is able to accompany a person all his life, which will provoke further panic attacks.

Empathy and sympathy are interrelated. We are drawn to people who understand us well, and we push away those who cannot understand us. Each person purposefully wants to see people near him who will understand and accept him as he is.

Empathy development

There are several levels of empathy and learning to develop conscious empathy is possible, but it is very difficult for those who have not owned it before. It is impossible to turn the world around and change in one moment, starting to feel everything. To do this, you need enough time to change beliefs and seize informed empathy.

The feeling of empathy does not apply to simple feelings and experiences. This is a complete understanding, as well as an awareness of the sensations that are happening to you. The peculiarities of emotional empathy consist in the sensation of the subtle world of a completely alien life.

Empathy development involves several levels. The first level is marked by the ability to distinguish emotional gestures, notes. The tone of the voice can tell in what condition the person is and what he feels. This level shows the ability to focus unmistakably attention on the emotional state of a person.

Understanding empathy involves shifting the sensual world of sensations to yourself. It is difficult to learn. To do this, it is necessary to study facial expressions, body movements, voice timbre. Begin to practice on acquaintances, friends, first comers. Notice any little things: the hair on the jacket, slovenliness, makeup on the face, hair. It can tell a lot about a person. Master this skill.

The second level of training includes the possession of certain skills. This level is more difficult; it is important for the trainees to pass on the habits, sensations, body movements, and the timbre of the voice of the object that you need to feel. For an easier introduction to the image requires a strong emotional reaction. It is important to observe carefully the person, imagine that you are him. Having merged with him completely, you can predict in advance what he will do. You will be able to live his life without thinking and not judging what is wrong. You will become one with him and you will experience the same emotions as he: love, pain, disappointment. It is difficult to learn, but possible. Over time, the empath perceives the feelings of another person as their own. And these feelings are different.

The third level of training allows you to turn into a real empath. Empaths are not only able to feel other people's experiences, they know how to manage this state. The first possibility is the ability to deduce oneself quickly from a negative state. The second is reduced to the ability to withdraw from the negative state of the interlocutor. Empath is able to influence emotions.

The development of empathy makes it possible to communicate with people with ease and understanding. There are advantages and disadvantages in the development of empathy. On the one hand, a person begins to understand people, and on the other, turns into a more sensitive person, who is hard to resist in the conflict situations to the interlocutor.

Level of empathy

Being a diverse concept, empathy has many levels within itself.

The first level of empathy is the lowest. People belonging to this level are focused on themselves, they are indifferent to the thoughts and feelings of other people. Rarely understand others and have difficulty in establishing contacts, feel uncomfortable in a large unfamiliar company. The emotional manifestations of such people seem incomprehensible, as well as devoid of meaning. With a low level of empathy, people prefer solitary pursuits, bypassing collective work. Representatives of the low level of empathy are supporters of precise formulations, as well as rational decisions. Such people have few friends, and those that exist are distinguished by a clear mind and business skills, and not sensitivity and responsiveness. People respond to such people with the same. Such people feel alienated, because those around them do not indulge them with their attention. With a very low level of emotional empathy, a person finds it difficult to speak first, keeps himself apart from his colleagues. Often he is very difficult contact with children, as well as older people. In interpersonal relationships, the empath often finds himself in an awkward position, often does not find mutual understanding with others, loves thrills and art very much. Painfully tolerates criticism, but is able to not respond to it.

The second level of empathy is the most common. Most people are indifferent to the thoughts and feelings of others, and only rarely show empathy. This level is peculiar to most people. Surrounding people do not call them thick-skinned; however, they are not considered particularly sensitive. Emotions are not alien to such people, but in most cases they are in control. In communication, they are often attentive, trying to understand a lot, but sometimes they lose their patience. More often they prefer to silently keep silent, because they are not sure that they will be understood. When reading works of art, as well as watching movies, they are interested in actions, not experiences of heroes. Such people are not peculiar to the looseness of feelings, which hinders for the full perception of people.

The third level of empathy is the highest. People with this level of empathy found quite a bit. These people tend to understand strangers better than themselves. They make true loyal friends. Such people are sensitive to the problems and needs of others, are very generous, able to forgive a lot. Always with interest to people. Such people are emotionally responsive, quickly establish contact, are very sociable. Colleagues and others appreciate such sincerity. People with the third level of empathy do not allow conflicts and always find compromise solutions, adequately tolerate criticism. When assessing the situation, they trust their feelings as well as their intuition. They prefer working with the team rather than alone. People with the third level always desire social approval of their actions. However, such people are not always careful when performing accurate, as well as hard work. They are fairly easy to lead out of balance.

Types of Empathy

Empaths are classified into the following types: non-empath, weak empath, functional empath, professional empath.

Not empaths completely closed their sensual abilities. Perhaps the manifestation of empathy atrophied, because they never used this ability. The feeling of empathy for such people is unfamiliar, and they are not trying to recognize him. They are not able to recognize non-verbal and verbal signals.

Weak empaths are in a state of constant stress, experiencing the severity of the world, other people's problems, fears due to emotional overload. Often weak empathic physically quickly depleted, experiencing headaches.

Functional empaths are the most developed, easily adapt to emotions, control them, not passing through themselves. This is a rare skill. Externally, functional empaths do not stand out from ordinary people.

Professional empaths easily recognize any emotion, even the most complex, hidden in the depths of the soul. Professional empaths well manage other people's emotions. There are very few such people. They have the ability to relieve pain, improve mood.

Empathy Diagnosis

Diagnosis of empathy helps to determine what qualities of an empath dominates a person. This test is important in the selection of personnel whose professional activities are connected with people. To study empathy, you can use the method of "scale of emotional response." The test was developed by psychology professor A. Mehrabian.

The “Emotional Response Scale” technique provides an opportunity to analyze the general features of empathy in the person being tested. For example, the ability to empathize with another person.

Empathy in children

With the help of empathy, children gain experience in studying themselves and other people who surround them. The child gradually accumulates sensual experience.

Empathy in children directly depends on the formation of empathy in parents. If the parents are well formed the above said feelings, then their children will have a normal manifestation of empathy. She develops well in the child who received love and warmth from the parents. In children, thanks to parents, altruism can be well developed, because the formation of altruism originates in the family.

Compassion, sympathy is not only the spiritual development of a child, but also a method of studying relationships between people. Relying on these feelings, children look at the people around them and try to find their own experiences in them. Thus, the education of empathy rests entirely on the shoulders of parents.

Empathy in adolescents

The development of a person from birth is greatly influenced by parents and family. Family is an important component in the development of human life. In the development of empathy plays a huge role communication children with their parents. The teenager can not independently learn to empathize due to lack of experience. He is still not familiar with the feeling of pain. The development of empathy in adolescents is manifested in the lives of those children who were able to give the family both love, and care, and attention, and warmth.

Empathy in adolescents is possible when parents understand the feelings and emotions of their children. Violation of contact with parents traumatizes the psyche of a teenager, negatively manifested in his development. Having emotional empathy means perceiving the world of another person, his pain and happiness. The family, which is based on trusting feelings, is aimed at the harmonious development of the personality of adolescents. Therefore, it is worth considering that family relationships should always remain friendly.