As already stated above, there are many tests and techniques that determine the types of temperament and their properties. Basically, the study of the temperament of the individual can be directed either to his general characteristic, or directed to an in-depth study of its properties.
According to the questionnaire Rusalova can determine the formal dynamic properties of individuality. The questionnaire is presented with 150 questions that are aimed at clarifying the ordinary behavior of the individual. The subjects are presented with a number of typical situations where they need to give one answer, the first one that came to mind.
The method of determining the type of temperament that prevails in a particular individual is presented by Belov and consists of the consistent presentation of four cards to the subject. In each of the suggested cards twenty properties are written, which are characteristic for one or another type of temperament. The subject will need to mark on each card those features that are most characteristic of him.
The most popular method for determining the types of temperament is a test in the form of questions, developed by Eysenck. It involves the diagnosis of the types and properties of temperament. This method is concluded in that the subject is asked 100 test questions that characterize the characteristics of their behavior and feelings. In cases where the feature or property described in the test coincides with the subjects' ideas about themselves, they are recommended to put a “plus” sign, if not, then the “minus” sign. These questions should also be answered quickly, honestly and without thinking. This questionnaire is designed to determine the level of neuroticism, introversion and extraversion, psychoticism.
The study of the psychological structure of temperament according to Smirnov's questionnaire allows one to detect the polar properties of temperament, such as: extraversion and introversion, balance and excitability, the reaction rate is slow and fast, activity is low and high. In this questionnaire, the sincerity scale was additionally developed, allowing to make an assessment of the veracity and reliability of the answers received and the results in general.
According to the Smishek questionnaire, it is possible to diagnose types and identify accentuations of temperament and character traits. The basis of this questionnaire is the theory of Leongard accentuated personalities. Accentuated personalities - these are personalities that have certain features that have a high degree of severity. Leonard singled out 10 such types of accentuations: demonstrative, emotive, excitable, pedantic, affectively exalted, stuck, cyclothymic, hyperthymic, anxiously bold, dysthymic.
In psychology, along with the term "temperament" is widely used the term "character", which means literally - a sign, feature, print. Character is a set of subjective features of the individual, which are stable, are formed and manifested in the process of communication, activity, thereby causing the typicalness of behaviors. Among the variety of character traits distinguish between leading and secondary. If these features are in harmony with each other, then such a person can be considered the owner of such qualities as integrity of character. And if such features contrast sharply with each other, then this means that there is inconsistency in character.
In the process of socialization, the individual, in addition to such personality traits as honesty, deceit, rudeness, politeness, tact, acquires such temperament properties as introversion and extroversion. That is why psychologists have a question about the relationship between character and temperament. That is why many questionnaires are also equipped with a scale of introversion and extraversion (for example, the Eysenck test).
There is also a technique for determining the type of temperament according to Obozov. It uses fifteen empirical characteristics in which temperament manifests itself. This technique allows you to determine the type of temperament, even without the participation of the test. To determine its type, a line-by-line selection is made of the level of manifestation of each of the fifteen character traits listed. So, for example, in the "balance of behavior" scale, the subject is more consistent with the line "well balanced", and a bit less suitable is the line "perfectly balanced." In this case, two points are assigned to the first line, and one point to the second. The remaining lines in this scale receive a mark of "0" points. Other indicators are also evaluated for all remaining character traits. Next, you should calculate the number of points for each column separately. The type of personality that scored the most points and is the main one for the subject.
We must always remember that it is impossible using one or another of the above methods, one hundred percent to calculate the type of temperament. Temperament is not absolutely inborn property. Also features of temperament can be enhanced and reduced in the process of human life. After all, temperament is just the biological basis of all personal qualities that a person brings up and develops in his life activity. And knowledge of one’s personal characteristics and oneself as a whole will allow one to choose such a style of interaction with others and such an activity that will bring even greater success and realization of personal potential.