A. Maslow in his work notes that the satisfaction of needs provokes the development of this state. The following facts serve as the basis for such an assertion: after satisfying the low level needs of an individual, higher level needs arise in the consciousness. Until high needs have arisen in consciousness, they are not a source of frustration.
A person who is concerned about pressing problems (food, etc.) is not able to reflect on high matters. A person will not study in such a state new sciences, fight for equal rights in society, he will not be bothered by the situation in the country or city, since he is concerned about the current affairs. After complete or partial satisfaction of pressing problems, the individual is able to rise to high levels of motivational life, which means that he will be affected by global problems (social, personal, intellectual) and he will become a civilized person.
People are inherently doomed to desire exactly what they don’t have, and for this reason they don’t even have an idea that their efforts, often aimed at achieving the desired goal, are meaningless. From this it turns out that the manifestation of frustration is inevitable, since a person is doomed to a constant feeling of dissatisfaction.
Breaking relationships can lead to the emergence of love frustration, which can increase the love for the opposite sex. Some psychologists say that this condition is a frequent phenomenon, others consider it rare.
Love frustration appears after the absence of the desired result expected from the object of passion or after parting with your loved one. It manifests itself in inappropriate behavior, aggression, anxiety, despair, and depression. Many are interested in the question: does such love exist, allowing people to remain independent of each other? Such love exists, but in the lives of strong and spirit-mature people. It should be taken for granted that all relationships contain minor elements of dependence. It depends on you personally whether you complete the whole life of another person.
Love frustration does not come if we are reaching for a partner from our strength, and not from our weakness.
Deprivation and Frustration
Often these two states are confused, although they are different. Frustration comes because of unmet desires, as well as failures in achieving goals.
Deprivation is due to the lack of opportunity or the very subject necessary for satisfaction. However, researchers of the frustration and deprivation theory of neurosis claim that these two phenomena have a common mechanism.
Deprivation leads to frustration, in turn frustration leads to aggression, and aggression provokes anxiety, which leads to the appearance of defensive reactions.
The problem of frustration serves as a theoretical discussion, and is also the subject of experimental research that is conducted on people and animals.
Frustration is seen in the context of endurance to the difficulties of life, as well as reactions to these difficulties.
I.P. Pavlov repeatedly noted the influence of the difficulties of life on the unfavorable state of the brain. Excessive life difficulties can lead a person, then to depression, then to excitement. Scientists divide the difficulties into insurmountable (cancer) and surmountable, requiring tremendous effort.
For researchers, the frustrations of interest are the difficulties associated with insurmountable obstacles, obstacles, barriers that hinder the satisfaction of needs, the solution of a problem, the achievement of a goal. However, unsurmountable difficulties should not be reduced to barriers blocking the intended action. It may be necessary in your case to show firmness of character.
As already noted, frustration provokes aggression, hostility. The state of aggression can manifest itself in direct attack or in the desire to attack, hostility. Aggression is characterized by pugnacity, rudeness, or has the form of a hidden state (ill will, bitterness). In a state of aggression in the first place goes the loss of self-control, unjustified actions, anger. A special place is given to aggression directed against oneself, which is expressed in self-flagellation, self-accusation, often in a rude attitude towards oneself.
John Dollar believes that aggression is not only emotions that arise in the human body, but more of a reaction to frustration: overcoming obstacles that prevent you from satisfying needs, achieving pleasure, as well as emotional balance. According to his theory, aggression is a consequence of frustration.
Frustration - aggression is always based on such concepts as aggression, frustration, inhibition, substitution.
Aggression is manifested in the intention to harm another individual with his actions.
Frustration appears when an obstacle to the implementation of a conditioned reaction occurs. In this case, the magnitude of this manifestation directly depends on the number of attempts, the strength of motivation, the significance of the obstacles, after which it occurs.
Braking is the ability to limit or minimize actions due to expected negative consequences.
Substitution is expressed in the desire to participate in aggressive actions that are directed against another person, but not against the source.
Thus, the theory of frustration and aggression in a rephrased form sounds like this: frustration always provokes aggression in any form, and aggression is the result of frustration. It is believed that frustration causes aggression directly. Frustrated individuals do not always resort to physical or verbal attacks on others. Often they show their range of reactions to frustration, ranging from despondency and submission to active prerequisites to overcome obstacles.
For example, an applicant sent documents to higher education institutions, but they were not accepted. He would rather be discouraged than enraged and angry. Many empirical studies confirm that frustration does not always lead to aggression. Most likely, this state causes aggression in those individuals who are accustomed to react to aversive stimuli (unpleasant) with aggressive behavior. Taking into account all these considerations, Miller was one of the first to formulate a theory of frustration - aggression.
The phenomenon of frustration generates different behaviors, and aggression is one of them. Tempting and strong by its definition frustration does not always provoke aggression. Detailed consideration of the problem leaves no doubt that aggression is the result of various factors. Aggression can occur in the absence of frustrating moments. For example, the actions of a hired killer who kills people without knowing them before. His victims simply could not frustrate him. The aggressive actions of such a person are more explained by the receipt of rewards for the killings than by the frustration moments. Or consider the actions of the pilot who bombed the position of the enemy, while killing civilians. In this case, aggressive actions are not caused by frustration, but by orders of the command.
How to find a way out of frustration without becoming an aggressive or reticent person? Everyone has personal ways to have a good time, which makes them feel like a complete and happy person.
Be sure to analyze why your failure occurred, identify the main reason. Work on the shortcomings.
If necessary, seek help from specialists who will help you understand the causes of the problem.