Ergophobia - is the fear of work, the performance of any targeted actions that require special skills, abilities, knowledge and diligence. Many people call it laziness, but that’s far from it. This is an irrational chronic fear of work. Ergofoby feel anxious about work and everything that is somehow interconnected with it.

Ergophobia can combine several phobias, for example: glossophobia (fear of public speaking), atihyphobia (fear of failure), social phobia (fear of performing public actions or public actions). Ergophobia is also called ergosi-phobia, which in Greek means work and fear ("ergon" means work, "phobos" means fear).

Ergophobia causes

Ergophobia is a reckless, overwhelming fear of work. A person suffering from ergophobia is afraid that he is not at all capable of work, performance of official duties, job descriptions. Such a person is often characterized by intolerance to their own failures in work. Some are afraid of checks or meetings at work. They usually share their fear with colleagues. Fear of work, like any other type of phobia, just drives a person crazy. He is in constant tension because of fear, fear of losing control and not coping with the situation.

At the heart of any irrational, reckless fear is always strong emotions. However, in the case of ergophobia emotions are always negative, as they are the cause of unconscious fear. The reasons for the emergence of ergofobii, as a rule, can be: strong experiences of the individual before the upcoming case, for example, before an interview during employment. To reduce anxiety and minimize it, you need to start by searching for any information about the upcoming work. Since, realizing practically received information, the individual feels much more confident. After a certain period of time, any person, even an ergofob, working in a new place, will begin to consider himself a professional, and will not be afraid to conduct experiments related to his work activity.

A person suffering from ergophobia is constantly afraid that he will fail and the work will not be done. He thinks he can break everything, spoil that someone will have to redo all the work for him first. If failures in professional activities pursue ergofoba relentlessly, then he thinks that he is doomed to failure, and will not even try to change or undertake anything in order to turn circumstances in his direction. For example, ergofob will not try their abilities and skills in another direction. In situations where the individual constantly analyzes failures that have arisen earlier, but does nothing, then, most likely, he will develop ergofobiya. In some cases, the cause of ergofobii can be frequent inspections or commissions at work.

The cause of ergophobia can occur from childhood if one of the parents had a similar phobia. Parents can infect children with their phobias.

Another cause of ergofobii are various injuries, and received during work. Trauma can be physical or moral. For example, a person working at a factory caused himself a serious injury by a machine tool. In principle, injury at work is not uncommon. The problem is that each individual reacts in absolutely different ways to seemingly similar things or situations. Some after injuries become more cautious, and some - on the contrary, quit their jobs. It is precisely this category of people that becomes the first candidates for the purchase of ergophobia.

Also, people at work may suffer from insults, humiliation, over-employment, due to non-standard work. In addition, ergofobiya may occur due to lack of knowledge and skills, as a result of which a person begins to fear that he will not cope with the work entrusted to him. Mostly ergophobia suffers shy individuals who are experiencing great anxiety in a situation where you need to help colleagues.

Even if there is no visible reason for the occurrence of an irrational phobia, the individual may feel anxious, anxious and emotional turmoil, undermining his ability to function normally.

Often the cause of the unconscious fear of work can be dismissal. If a person was previously fired, then he may experience difficulty in finding a new place of employment, due to the fear of being kicked out again.

Often the cause of fear can be boring work activity. If the subject began his work activity with uninteresting, boring, monotonous work, then he may have a stereotype that any work will be boring.

Depressive conditions are often the causes of ergophobia. For example, clinical depression, dysthymia, mourning, or other similar disorders can lead a subject to a loss of incentives to work.

Ergophobia symptoms

Fear of work is always quite noticeable to others. To hide such an irrational, unconscious fear is almost impossible for an individual, since his attitude to work becomes obvious. However, exacerbation of ergophobia and the appearance of panic attacks are not so common. The subject may secretly fear, suffer and suffer, but at the same time meticulously perform their official duties. However, if a person suffering from ergophobia is suddenly summoned to the authorities, even if the reason is insignificant or to entrust a new case, which seems to him rather complicated and troublesome, then all the signs of fear that are typical for phobias are not excluded.

The most common symptoms of ergofobii include a number of specific signs. Ergofob, experiencing fear, begins to sweat vigorously, nausea occurs, the heart rate accelerates, weakness and trembling of the limbs appear. Also, often, there is dizziness, redness of the skin, a sharp deterioration in health.

In addition to the symptoms of the physiology, mental manifestations are also observed. An individual prone to ergophobia begins to think that something terrible, terrible has to happen. From a sense of fear, he completely loses control of himself, self-control. From the side, it seems that such a person behaves simply inadequately.

And although the attacks of panic disorder are short in time, they have a rather serious effect on the individual's organism. Therefore, if ergophobia is ignored, then after a certain period of time, more pronounced mental disorders may appear. However, by contacting psychotherapeutic help in time, the dangerous consequences of panic fear can be avoided. Moreover, at present such mental disorders are completely cured.

So, people suffering from ergophobia may experience the following symptoms:

- increased heart rate;

- increased sweating;

- tremor of the limbs;

- discomfort in the abdomen;

- nausea;

- dizziness;

- feeling of immobility (torpor) or strong lightness throughout the body;

- pre-unconscious;

- hot flashes or chills;

- fear of losing control.

Ergophobia treatment

Fear as a basic emotion is easier when compared to anxiety, it always has an object. For example, agoraphobic fear of open space, ergofoby - work and everything connected with the implementation of targeted actions. Those. there is a specific cause for fear, but anxiety has no such reason. She can often be expressed in irritation, which came from somewhere. Anxiety can cause a feeling of disgust before something, hatred for someone, unmotivated unreasonable strong emotions. Fear is closely associated with danger to the human body, and anxiety - with the threat of personality.

Fear is a protective mechanism and performs a positive function at its core. He makes people more cautious and cautious. However, this is exactly the emotion that people least want to experience. The experience of the feeling of fear already frightens the individual.

Anxiety causes a search reaction - I am afraid of something, I want something, etc. The result is a flurry of more specific emotions. In a state of anxiety, the subject experiences a whole range of emotions: different types of fear, guilt, anger, shame, etc. A person can not always understand what is the cause of these emotions. He cannot restrain them, as he believes that certain circumstances preceded these emotions. Such emotions are a defense against anxiety. However, from such emotions a person is prone to block off. He pushes them into the subconscious, which leads to stressful states. All these emotions affect the interaction of the individual with others, his relationships, thoughts, actions, perception, behavior and, as a result, the somatic state.

Therefore, in the treatment of various phobias can not drive fear into the subconscious and fight it with force. Treatment should be aimed at ensuring that a person realizes fear, understands what causes him anxiety.

There are many methods for treating ergophobia. These include: drug therapy, methods of psychoanalysis, cognitive-behavioral therapy, various auto-trainings, visualization techniques, meditation, relaxation, etc.

From the standpoint of psychoanalysis, any phobia is an expression of conflict that is hidden in the subconscious of the individual. Therefore, they do not treat the phobia, but try to reveal the conflict itself, which is the root cause. The main means for detecting such conflicts are: the interpretation of dreams, the analysis of the doctor's conversation with the patient. In cases of detection of internal conflict, the patient tries on him and the phobia leaves. Some psychotherapists offer the patient himself to consciously do what he is most afraid of and with the help of such a way to overcome this emotion.

Behavioral therapy is designed to alleviate the manifestations of fear in patients or to completely eliminate it. Often used the method of systemic desensitization, which is combined with the deepest muscle relaxation. It consists in the complete relaxation of the patient and the modeling of several situations that provoke the appearance of panic fear in him. This method uses the principle of habituation (habituation). A lot of research confirms the fact that this method is quite an effective therapeutic technique.

Another method of behavioral psychotherapy is the technique of teaching the patient not to be afraid of his ergophobia. It is based on the principle of visibility. The patient observes various scenes from real life, watches films, and understands that the object that provokes the emergence of panic fear in him does not cause other such emotions and fears.

The gradual overcoming of fear is also one of the methods of cognitive therapy. It consists in gradually bringing the patient to the cause of the experience. For any effort on the part of the patient, he is encouraged and praised. In conclusion, we can conclude that the basic principle of the listed behavioral therapy techniques is the search for danger in order to ensure safety.

To mitigate the manifestations of anxiety, acute phobic conditions, drug therapy is used as a minor therapeutic agent. In no case is it recommended to limit oneself only to treatment with the help of drugs, since if you stop taking the drugs, ergofobia will return again. Also drugs entail addiction.

Any phobia should not be suppressed. If they are, then we need them for something! In the fight against ergophobia, first of all, you need to realize your fear, admit to yourself that it is, accept it and try to learn how to live with it. You should not drive him deep into the subconscious, but you can not poke him. You can not give fears the opportunity to control their lives!