Pyromania - This is a violation of impulsive behavior, which is expressed in the mad passion, craving for incendiary. Pyromania also love to watch the fire. Pyromania are people who deliberately, deliberately and arson more than once. They experience the pleasure and satisfaction of the preparation for arson and observation of the fire.

There are certain signs of pyromania: deliberation and focus of arson, which occur repeatedly, tensions before arson, enchantment with fire, curiosity and craving for it, or situations in which a fire appears, a pronounced joy at the sight of a fire. Arson is not committed for the sake of enrichment or other benefits, to hide a crime, because of feelings of revenge.

Pyromania causes

Pyromania in psychology is considered a disorder of impulsive behavior, which is characterized by a periodic recurring inability to resist the impulse to “burn something” and a strong passion for contemplation over fire. The main feature of this violation is to commit arson for no apparent reason or motive, such as wealth, revenge or ideology.

Freud also attached unconscious significance to fire. He saw in him a peculiar intimate symbol. Freud believed that the heat spread by fire gives rise to the same sensations that accompany sexual arousal, and the movement and shape of the fire resembles a phallus.

Other scientists associate pyromania with a manifestation of pathological craving for strength, social status and domination. Often, the pyromaniac can voluntarily perform the functions of a fireman after they set fire to something. Their behavior is connected with the attempt to prove that they are brave and brave in order to demonstrate their strength. Pyromania is a way of liberation from accumulated rage, frustration, which is caused by a feeling of sexual, physical or social humiliation.

Psychologists noted that many pyromans grew up in an incomplete family (without a father). Therefore, one of the reasons for the ignition is the desire that the absent father return home as a savior, eliminating the fire and saving his child from life.

Arsonist women are significantly smaller than men. Such women are characterized by sexual promiscuity, often they suffer from kleptomania.

Today, experts in the field of psychiatry have put forward the theory that the basis of irresistible craving for pyromania, mainly, is disturbed or improper personality formation. It is also believed that the cause of this mania can be a severe form of one of the varieties of anomalies of sexual behavior.

Often the first manifestations of pyromania are observed in childhood or adolescence. If a child is older than three years, then matches have for him exceptional magnetism. Children's pyromania manifests itself by kindling bonfires, observing a burning candle. However, at the same time, children, having committed arson, do not understand all the consequences that their offense may entail.

Older Pyromans in such situations are the complete opposite, as they are well aware of all the consequences of arson of a building or car.

It is believed that the cause of adult uncontrolled craving for arson is the awakening of primitive instinct, with which they can not cope. If an individual has mental illness, he may not in all cases win the craving for arson.

It is established that in eleven percent of cases, the pyromans are people with mental disorders, and every fourth of them has a tendency to relapse and serial arson. In judicial practice, there is a case when a subject who has undergone a psychiatric examination, committed arson more than 600 times. Psychiatrists believe that pyromaniac can occur, both among those who enjoy contemplating the flame, and those who are on the other side of the barricades - working in the fire service.

Signs of pyromania

According to many psychologists, this type of mania should be considered a serious mental disorder. The real pyromaniac unconsciously and irresistibly pulls to commit arson and for their perpetration he does not need any reasons or motives. They experience true pleasure from the process of committing arson. They also rarely hide their involvement in a fire.

Psychiatrists believe that cases of real pyromania are quite rare. Most of the manifestations of irresistible craving for arson and contemplation of the flame accompany other more serious diseases, such as schizophrenia.

The main signs of pyromania:

- multiple arsons or attempts to commit them without obvious motives (at least two unmotivated arsons);

- actions of the arsonist are characterized by confidence and intensity;

- before committing the arson, the Pyromanians are present with internal tension, anxiety, which passes immediately after the accomplishment of the plan and a feeling of relief appears;

- reflections on objects related to fire;

- the pleasure of watching the flame;

- in some cases, an abnormal interest in machines and equipment designed to extinguish fires;

- Pyromans, committing arson, never pursue material goals;

- Pyromans often act as spectators - they like to watch fires, for example, at neighbors;

- Often people suffering from this disease report false arson;

- in some cases, the Pyromanians feel sexual activation at the sight of the flame;

- the subject is constantly pursued thoughts about the choice of a suitable object for arson, about how to realize a fire.

In the earlier stages of identifying the symptoms of this disease, it is easier to cure. Alcoholism can accompany pyromania. In such cases, the desire to set on fire is made even more uncontrollable and uncontrollable. Such people are not aware of the consequences of their actions and do not take responsibility for their committing themselves. Today there is a lot of controversy over what this type of mania is.

Pyromania in psychology and psychiatry is still considered a disease related to severe mental disorders. In addition, the disease is characterized by a chronic course.

At the same time, pyromania should be distinguished from:

- deliberate ignition (when there is a clear motive) in the absence of a mental disorder;

- arson committed by adolescents with deviant behavior, in cases where there are other behavioral disorders, such as aggression, theft, absenteeism;

- arsons committed by persons with sociopathic personality disorders with persistent violations of social behavior, for example, aggression or indifference to the interests of other people;

- arson committed by people diagnosed with schizophrenia. Such arsons are usually carried out by them under the influence of delusional ideas or as a result of submission to the orders of "votes";

- Arson committed by people with organic mental disorders.

Pyromania in children

Today, psychiatry is dominated by the theory that pyromania is a thrust, based on, in many cases, an abnormal or impaired formation of a personality structure.

Pyromania, in general, begins in childhood. If the first signs of irresistible craving for incendiary were identified during adolescence, the manifestations of pyromania have a more destructive form.

Fire has always attracted and fascinated people. Many people simply enjoy the warmth of a campfire or fireplace. Children just love nightly gatherings around the campfire. However, sometimes such a love for fire transforms into obsession. This obsession is called pyromania. A teenager suffering from this mania is simply unable to refrain from any contact with fire.

Pyromania in adolescents manifests itself in the desire to set fire to any objects, obsession with fire, firecrackers. In the 20th century, obsession with fire reached its apogee, so psychologists of the 30s conducted testing for the presence of pyromania in all homeless and adolescent offenders. Today, pyromania is not the most common deviation, but today it can be found.

Most of the children at a young age played with matches, tried to set fire to something, set fires in the courtyards and burned poplar fluff. In general, children have enough fires to lose interest in the instigation. But the desire to link all the games only with fire is characterized by small pyromans.

Children's pyromania is dangerous because children do not realize the danger, conceals fire, do not understand the full possible destructive power of the flame. If you notice that your child in the conversation increasingly mentions such words as arson, fire, fire, flame, constantly draws everything that is directly or indirectly associated with fire, you more than three times caught him with matches in his hands, then this is serious reason to think and show the child to the psychologist. The specialist will help you to choose an acceptable form of incarnation of the desire for fire.

Many psychiatrists believe that occupations such as firefighter, juggler, blacksmith, and others can be chosen by people who have a hidden propensity for pyromania.

Pyromania treatment

For effective treatment of pyromania, it is necessary to take into account a number of factors: whether alcohol intoxication is present, whether there is a psychosexual dysfunction or other mental disorders in the patient's history, the patient's intellectual development rate, and other factors. For example, if an arson has committed a patient with schizophrenia, then it is necessary to take into account its possible delusional states or the presence of hallucinations.

Often, people suffering from irresistible craving for inflammation, have organic brain damage, therefore, can not anticipate the consequences of actions produced. That is why the treatment of pyromania should be individualized in each case. Any therapy is prescribed only on the basis of the reasons for the deviant behavior of the subject.

Since pyromania, first of all, is a symptom, rather than a separate disease, treatment is often difficult. One of the difficulties of therapy is the lack of positive motivations in pyromans. Therefore, it is sometimes considered that an effective treatment option is to find the individual in isolation in a hospital setting. Some pyromans only with the help of such methods can be kept from committing the next arson. Being imprisoned, the patient undergoes aversive behavioral therapy programs. Psychotherapy with patients with a pathological passion for incendiary is quite problematic due to the low level of verbalization ability.

The pyromania of adolescents should be subjected to more thorough diagnosis and qualified treatment. After all, the psyche of children is quite vulnerable. A pyromaniac child should under no circumstances be punished. You need to understand that he does not do it out of spite. After all, if the baby is sick with the flu, you will not scold him? You will treat him. Therefore, the best way out for children of pyromans is to conduct targeted psychotherapeutic activities.

The prognosis for pyromania can be quite favorable with respect to the treatment of the disease in children. If a disease is diagnosed in time, then it is quite possible to achieve complete remission. The prognosis for adolescents is not so rosy. This is due to the fact that adolescents tend to hide their tendency to set fires, they quite often completely deny their participation in the arson, are not inclined to take responsibility for their actions.

The main task of the physician in the treatment of pyromans is to conduct individualized therapy, which will primarily be aimed at violations in personal development. Typically, treatment gives a fairly stable and positive result and minimal risk of recurrence with the timely diagnosis of the disease.