The concept of speech communication today is considered as a certain aspect of life. Communication plays the role of one of the core conditions under which the manifestation and disclosure of the best personality traits, the formation and development of its consciousness, the formation of self-consciousness takes place. Reflecting, giving analysis to the attitude of the surrounding society to its own person, communicating with others, the individual identifies the need for self-improvement, which is carried out in the course of self-education.
The core functions of communications are distinguished: emotive, understanding, coordinating, motivating, establishing relationships and influencing.
The emotive function is traced in the excitement in the interlocutor of the necessary emotional moods, as well as the transformation of one's own experiences with it.
Informational - covers the exchange of data, worldviews, positions, plans, decisions, etc.
Contact - manifested in the formation of contacts as a mutual readiness to acquire and transmit information, maintaining interaction in the form of sustainable mutual orientation.
The understanding function covers adequate perception, awareness of the essence of the message and mutual understanding of the plans, goals, intentions, experiences, attitudes.
The coordination function is demonstrated in the mutually directed orientation, coordination and harmony of actions and actions in the process of joint interaction.
Motivation - expressed in the stimulation of the interlocutor's activity in order to give him the direction to perform certain actions.
The function of establishing relationships is expressed in the comprehension and fixation of one's own personal position in the systems of role-playing, business, status and other interrelations of social groups in which the subject interacts.
The function of influence is manifested in the transformation of mood, behavior, states, personal and semantic formations of the interlocutor.
Communication culture - concept
In order to understand what the term “culture of communication” implies, the basic concepts of “communication” and “culture” should be considered separately.
The communicative process that unites people among themselves is called communication. Culture in the general sense of the term means education, the formation of personality. This is human interaction in the most diverse of its manifestations, which encompasses personal self-expression and self-knowledge, the accumulation of man separately and society as a whole experience.
Culture of communication is called a kind of set of rules and norms that every self-respecting person should follow. An indicator of the level of education and culture is precisely the observance of these rules and norms of behavior. Indeed, without culture, it is impossible to fully interact with society in a developed and civilized state, it is impossible to conduct a successful business and successfully establish business contacts.
With the development of speech, the possibility of diversity of the essence of the message being broadcast and received during communications appeared. There is also an opportunity to enrich the means and instrumental aspects of communications.
The subsequent development of communicative interaction can be represented as a gradual accumulation of a culture of communication by a person. Such accumulation occurs, first of all, on the basis of reflection, self-regulation and feedback.
From the standpoint of psychology, a highly developed personality differs from a less developed personality not only by its manifested need for communication with different people, but also by rich content, multiple goals, and a greater choice of communication tools. There is also an undoubted connection between the culture of communication and activity, since communication interaction and activity form an integral whole. After all, one is impossible without the other.
The concept and structure of communication
Mankind is simply not able to carry out full and effective mutual activities without establishing contact between the individuals included in it and society as a whole. Also, activity is impossible without the establishment of a proper level of mutual understanding between the subjects.
The concept of communication and communication today is a rather complex and multifaceted process of forming and developing mutual contacts between individuals, which occurs as a result of the “birth” of the needs of joint activities and includes the exchange of data, the development of a holistic activity strategy, the reception and comprehension of another person.
Communicative interaction is verbal, i.e. verbal and wordless, i.e. non-verbal Verbal is represented by language systems, and non-verbal is represented by facial expressions, various gestures, pantomime, body position during interaction, etc.
Communications contain three levels: intra-and interpersonal, public. Intra-personal communications are expressed in the mental communication of the individual with his own "I". This level occurs when the subject makes plans, outlines tasks and goals, develops strategies, prepares to interact with society. Interpersonal communication, respectively, means communication at least between two persons. Public - means the communication of the subject with a large social group.
There are three major aspects of communication between the subjects - it is respectively communicative, interactive and perceptual.
The communicative aspect is manifested in identifying the specificity of the process of exchanging messages between individuals.
Interactive is demonstrated in the interaction of partners in the creation and implementation of mutually directed activities.
Perceptual consists in the formation of the image of another subject, due to the correlation of physical features with psychological characteristics of behavior.