Self control - this is the assessment and awareness by the subject of their own actions, states and mental processes. The development of self-control and its appearance is determined by the requirements of society to the behavior of the individual.

Self-control of a person includes the processes by which an individual is able to control behavior in conflicting conditions of the social environment, as well as his own biological mechanisms, for example, with obsessive drives, dependence on external influences, susceptibility to impulsive impulses. Different sources give different interpretations of self-control. Below are some of them.

Self-control is the ability to subordinate one's own emotions to the mind, which is the awareness of one's own imperfections, as well as the desire to act as if the person is perfect.

Self-control is a manifestation of strength of character, which helps to suppress excessive emotions, to get rid of complexes and to control feelings.

Self-control is at every moment the readiness to act correctly and most rationally, regardless of the internal state; this neglect of fear, but not a manifestation of fearlessness, is the quickness of the work of the mind, but not frivolity.

Self-control of a person is a volitional quality that every successful individual needs, regardless of whether he is engaged in agriculture or teaches at a university.

Self-control of the individual provides the following benefits: managing your emotions and actions; freedom from external constraints, a sense of calm, based on self-confidence, intelligence, ability. Internal self-control gives respect in the form of self-esteem, as well as the respect of others. Self-control allows you to manage both yourself and people. Self-control of the person gives patience, helping to overcome internal shortcomings, as well as external obstacles.

Self control behavior

Physical self-control is very important in everyday life, especially in extreme situations. Most likely to go with dignity when force majeure in people who have the ability to self-control. The absence of this skill in behavior and emotions harm the personality, provoking irrational actions, fogging its mind. The ability to control words and emotions in the most difficult situations, as well as to seek compromises, is a necessary manifestation of self-control in the behavior of statesmen and diplomats.

Self-control behavior in everyday situations is manifested in the ability to extinguish a quarrel, to prevent an emotional explosion.

Often, sports are associated with dietary restrictions, and the athlete has to follow a diet, a special daily regimen. An athlete who lives in accordance with all these requirements, shows the ability to self-control.

Self-control behavior also manifests itself in the ability to limit their needs in accordance with the current financial opportunities.

The development of self-control

The formation of self-control skills first of all begins with compliance with the regime. A person who has trained himself to abide by a strict regime develops his personal ability to self-control.

The development of self-control begins with family education. Adults, giving children an example of non-conflict, restraint in communication, cultivate self-control in them and at the same time control themselves.

How to achieve self-control? The development of self-control includes self-improvement, the development of punctuality in oneself, strict fulfillment of the obligations undertaken, as well as this promise.

Psychological exercises, various trainings and exercises that allow a person to restrain his negative emotions and not to dominate the mind help to form self-controlling skills.

Self-control during exercise

Self-monitoring of an athlete includes regular monitoring of the personal state of his health, as well as physical development.

Self-control during exercise does not replace medical control, it only acts as a supplement to it. Thanks to self-control, an athlete assesses the effectiveness of sports, observes the training regime, the rules of personal hygiene, hardening, etc.

Self-control of exercising helps in analyzing the effects of physical exertion on the entire body, which allows you to properly conduct and plan a training session.

Physical self-control includes generally accessible simple observations, takes into account subjective indicators (mood, sleep, appetite, sweating, desire to train), as well as objective research data (body weight, heart rate - heart rate, respiratory rate, respiratory rate, stanovom and wrist dynamometer).

Self-control during exercise allows the trainer to identify signs of overload and correct the training process. Self-monitoring involves keeping a diary. The diary is complemented by a characteristic of training loads (kilograms, kilometers, duration).

Diary of self-control

The results of self-control are advised to be recorded in a diary, in order to analyze them jointly or independently with a doctor or trainer. For a diary, a small notebook is enough, in which columns the dates and indications of self-control should be noted.

The diary includes two parts. One of them is the content, as well as the nature of the training work (intensity, volume, pulse mode, duration of recovery after the load). In the other, the load value from the previous workout is recorded, as well as the state of health that accompanies it.

The diary is necessary for all interns, students, graduate students, staff, teachers, engaged in physical exercise, but this is especially important for people with disabilities in health.

The diary of self-control in physical culture performs the following functions:

  • helps to know yourself better;
  • teaches to systematically monitor health;
  • allows you to identify the degree of fatigue, both from physical training and from mental work, which will allow you to timely prevent fatigue, as well as illness;
  • diary helps to determine the amount of time needed for rest, as well as the restoration of physical and mental strength;
  • The diary determines by what methods and means the greatest efficiency is achieved during restoration.

The data recorded in the diary of self-observation usually include 15-20 indicators, but can be recorded as brief, including up to 5-8 indicators.

The athlete's self-monitoring diary includes the following indicators: heart rate in the morning lying down for 15 s, pulse difference, heart rate standing in the morning for 15 s, body weight before exercise, complaints, body weight after exercise, health, sleep, muscle pain, appetite, desire to train, test Barbell (morning), sweating, orthostatic test (morning), hand dynamometry, mood, function of the gastrointestinal tract, pain, performance, violation of the sport mode, sports results.

Diary characteristics:

- well-being reflects the activity and condition of the whole organism; mood and state of health are assessed as bad, satisfactory, good;

- performance is assessed as reduced, normal, increased;

- sleep speaks of the restoration of strength and efficiency; fast falling asleep and sound sleep are normal; long sleep, poor sleep, insomnia, frequent waking up, indicate fatigue and fatigue;

- appetite says about the state of the body, overload, lack of sleep, ailments, which affect the appetite; it is reduced, normal, elevated, sometimes absent and only thirsty;

- in healthy people, the desire to exercise is noted in cases of impairment in health or overtraining, the desire in training disappears or decreases;

- heart rate (HR) is an important objective indicator in the work of the cardiovascular system; the pulse of a trained person at rest is significantly lower than that of an untrained person, it is counted for 15 s, however, if a rhythm disturbance is noted, then count for one minute. In a trained person, the pulse is restored faster and returns to normal, in the morning it is much weaker in an athlete;

- perspiration is directly dependent on the individuality, as well as the functional state of the person, the type of physical activity, climatic conditions; on the first workouts, sweating is higher, sweating decreases as fitness progresses; sweating noted as low, moderate, large, abundant; perspiration depends on the amount of fluid consumed by the athlete during the day;

- pains are able to appear in some muscle groups that are most loaded during training, especially after a long break, as well as practicing on hard ground;

- It is necessary to pay attention to the pain in the region of the heart, as well as their nature; we ignore dizziness, headaches, pains in the right hypochondrium when running, the latter indicate liver disease. The athlete describes all the cases in the self-control diary and then reports them to the doctor.

About overtraining athlete will indicate increased sweating, unwillingness to exercise, muscle pain, insomnia. If weight loss is observed, this can occur for two reasons: there is a large load or when protein is lost. Protein is lost during mountain training, as well as with insufficient consumption of animal protein (cottage cheese, meat, fish).

The diary of self-control includes the characteristic of trainings, as well as the time of their conduct (evening, morning), sports results. Women record in the diary the nature and frequency of menstruation.

A trainer or a sports doctor explains how to keep a diary correctly, as well as how to evaluate your well-being and make an individual plan for the training process.

The results must be recorded in a diary systematically, so it is possible to analyze them independently or jointly after a certain time with a trainer and a doctor.

Control and self control

Control in a broad sense implies checking something. Control over educational activities involves external feedback and is carried out by the teacher. It includes internal feedback, speaking in the form of student self-control. Control is an important part of the learning process or its link. The control system used in schools, namely, evaluation, has been used for a long time. The main drawback of control is considered the daily oral survey, because it is selective and random, which allows individual students to work irregularly. The teacher cannot control what each student learns. Most teachers apply assessment to pressure students, which strains the learning environment. With this assessment, educational and cognitive motives are relegated to the background, which distorts the whole educational process.

External control, as well as the assessment by the teacher, are the only methods of control when testing students' knowledge. For this reason, students are not formed habits, as well as self-esteem and self-control.

These shortcomings allow us to conclude about the importance of improving the applied control system, as well as evaluation in school. Such proposals are brought up for discussion by innovators of secondary and higher education.

Learning meaningful activity should include three components:

  • approximately motivational;
  • operational executive;
  • reflexively evaluative.

These parts must be realized and realized. The task of the teacher is to teach the students of such educational activities, which will cover all the component parts.

The system of control and evaluation in the educational process includes:

  • external control, as well as the teacher's assessment of students' activities and its results;
  • self-control and self-assessment by students of their work and their results;
  • monitoring and evaluation of educational activities, as well as its results by student experts.
  • a combination of self-control and monitoring, self-assessment and evaluation of the student’s activities, as well as its results.

Evaluation shows the results of the control. Assessment determines the degree of compliance with the results of the norms. Methods of evaluation were named: comparative, regulatory, personal.

Self-control and self-esteem

Self-control is a personality trait that implies the ability to control oneself, as well as evaluate one's actions correctly. Self-esteem, as a child’s attitude to personal capabilities, personal qualities, and activity results, is not embedded in it, it is only shaped and dependent on proper upbringing, as well as on all educational activities. The task of the teacher is to help and promote the formation of proper self-esteem.

Self-control and self-assessment are interrelated. Formation in children of various methods of self-control contributes to the development of self-esteem. This must be taken into account when organizing activities from the very first days of schooling.

Primary school students often cannot independently find errors in their work and correct them based on the comparison with the sample. This needs to be learned from the first grade. In the classroom it is recommended to use mutual verification. This technique forms not only the ability to control their actions, but also fosters such qualities as truthfulness, honesty, discipline, and collectivism.

Conversations and observations with children indicate that the mutual testing of knowledge activates activities, increases interest in knowledge. Primary school uses mutual verification in the lessons of mathematics and the Russian language, but not very often.