Borderline personality disorder refers to the emotionally unstable state, which is characterized by impulsivity, low self-control, emotionality, a strong level of desocialization, an unstable connection with reality and high anxiety. Frontier personality disorder, being a mental illness, is marked by a sharp drop in mood, impulsive behavior and serious problems with self-esteem and relationships. Individuals with this disease often also have other health problems: eating disorders, depression, alcohol and drug abuse. The first signs of the disease appear in young years. Border pathology according to the available statistics is observed in 3% of the adult population, of which 75% are women. Self-harming or suicidal behavior is an essential symptom of the disease, completed suicides reach about 8-10%.
Borderline personality disorder
Of the 100 people, two have borderline personality disorder, and experts still doubt the reasons for this condition. It can be caused by an imbalance of chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters that help in regulating mood. The mood is also influenced by the environment and genetics.
Borderline personality disorder is five times more common in those people whose relatives suffered from this disease. This condition is often found in families where there are other diseases associated with mental illness. These are problems associated with the abuse of alcohol and drugs, antisocial personality disorder, depressive states. Often patients survived the strongest trauma in childhood. This may be physical, sexual, emotional abuse; ignoring, sharing with the parent or his early loss. If such an injury is observed in combination with certain personality traits (anxiety, lack of resistance to stress), then the risk in the development of a borderline state increases significantly. Researchers recognize that individuals with borderline personality disorder have impaired functioning of parts of the brain, which still does not allow us to find out: these problems are the effects of the condition or its cause.
Borderline personality disorder symptoms
Patients with a borderline state of personality often have unstable relationships, problems with impulsivity, low self-esteem, which begin to manifest themselves from childhood.
The emergence of borderline personality disorder is due to the efforts of American psychologists from 1968 to 1980, which allowed the inclusion of borderline personality type in the DSM-III, and then in ICD-10. But research and theoretical work carried out by psychologists were devoted to the substantiation and identification of an intermediate personality type between psychosis and neurosis.
The sign of disorder include low-risk suicidal attempts due to minor incidents and occasionally dangerous suicide attempts due to comorbid depression. Often provoke suicide attempts interpersonal situations.
Common to this disorder is the fear of being left alone or abandoned, even if it is an imaginary threat. This fear is capable of provoking a desperate attempt to hold on to those who are with such a person. Sometimes a person rejects others first, responding to the fear of being abandoned. Such odd behavior can provoke problematic relationships in any sphere of life.