Asperger Syndrome - it is a developmental disorder, which is marked by serious difficulties in social interaction, as well as a recurring, stereotypical, limited repertoire of actions, activities, interests. Asperger syndrome is distinguished from autism by the preservation of speech as well as cognitive abilities, expressed by clumsiness. This disorder got its name in honor of Hans Asperger, an Austrian pediatrician and psychiatrist who described children in 1944, who are characterized by a lack of ability to non-verbal communication and limited empathy regarding peers was observed. Asperger himself applied the significance of the disorder regarding physical discomfort in children.
The term Asperger syndrome was first proposed in 1981 by the English psychiatrist Lorna Wing. The modern concept of disorder arose in the same 1981 and, at the beginning of the 1990s, diagnostic standards were developed.
Regarding various aspects of the syndrome, there are a lot of unresolved issues and it remains unknown whether this disorder differs from high-grade autism. It was generally proposed to abandon the diagnosis of Asperger syndrome, changing it to the diagnosis of the disease of the autism spectrum with the specification of severity. The exact cause of this syndrome has not been finally established, although studies do not exclude the possibility of a genetic base, but there is no known genetic etiology. Difficulties arise with treatment: there is no one, and existing methods of treatment support are limited.
Many children get better as they get older, but communication and social problems may persist. Some researchers, as well as individuals with this disorder, suggest that it is right to attribute Asperger syndrome to distinction, not disability. This disorder is a common developmental disorder. Statistics have information that boys are more likely to be upset, and of all registered cases, they make up 80%. Some scientists put forward the version that this syndrome indicates a significant difference in the functioning of the brain in men than in women and therefore men are more often talented and brilliant. This mental disorder was noted in Newton, Einstein, director Steven Spielberg.
Currently there is no consensus on how to call this symptom complex: a syndrome or a disorder. Researchers have proposed renaming Asperger syndrome into an autistic spectrum disorder, dividing it into severity levels.
So, Asperger syndrome is a lifelong disorder characterized by severe difficulties in social interaction, perception of the world around it, as well as a recurring, stereotypical set of activities and interests.